Study Guide Health, Safety and Nutrition

Study Guide Health, Safety and Nutrition

The three A’s of a healthy child are:
1. Appetite
2. Appearance
3. Activity

The signs to observe in a daily health check fit into three categories:
Behavior, Face & Body

Behavior signs:
Irritable, drowsy, whinny, lethargic

Face & Body signs:
Flushed, rashes, cuts, abrasions, bruises, pale, discolored stool, burns, diarrhea.

common signs and symptoms of children who experience illness:
fever, vomiting, stomach aches, sneezing, etc.

Heat exhaustion
The condition is caused by excessive sweating. the person’s skin becomes pale and clammy, and the person feels sick, dizzy, and/ or faint. Pulse rate and breathing become rapid, and a headache or muscle cramps may develop. Take action! Parents should be notified.

Heat Stroke
Occurs because of prolonged exposure to very hot conditions. The mechanism in the brain that regulates body temperature rapidly rises to 104 degrees Fahrenheit. The person becomes flushed, with hot, dry skin and strong, rapid pulse. He or she quickly becomes confused or unconscious.

Dehydration
Dry to very dry mouth. Little or no tears when crying. Less active than usual, or very fussy. Infant will wet less than 6 diapers a day; a child will make fewer trips to the restroom than he normally does. Eyes are sunken. Hands and feet are cool and blotchy. Pulse may seem weak and fast. Child will not urinate for hours.

fungi
Grows best in warm, moist places. Can causes athlete’s foot and ringworm. Effective medication is available. Medications work best when condition favorable to fungi growth are removed.

Virus
Smaller than bacteria. Grow only in living cells. Can cause colds, chicken pox, measles, German measles, mumps. Antibiotics have no effect. Rest is the best action; body fights better when rested. Vaccines against common ones available.

Bacteria
Small organisms seen with an ordinary microscope. Can causes strep throat, impetigo, pink eye, and some pneumonia. Antibiotics help stop growth.

Parasites
Organisms that live on or in animals and people. Common examples include pin worms, roundworms, head lice. Effective medications are available for most.

four methods in which diseases are transmitted:
1. respiratory
2. Direct contact
3. Fecal/ Oral
4. Blood born

three ways to prevent communicable disease:
1. Wash hands
2. Clean/ disinfect
3. Stay home when your sick

three examples in using universal precautions:
1. Wear gloves
2. Throw away after one use.
3. Change diapers on non-porous surface.

Items that should be disinfected:
toys, kitchen, restroom, tables, chairs, floor, carpet/

steps to administer medicine to child enrolled in your program:
Permission slip with parent signature and name of child with who authorized to give medication.
Log- name of child, dose, day and time, amount given, and who authorized.
Medicine needs to be original package.

ways to prevent poisoning
– Keep chemicals out of reach
– following safe food handling
– obey directions found on medicine label
– teach children to not place unfamiliar object near their mouth.

how to place a baby in a crib
Put on its back in crib to prevent sides…
use crib bumper
– breathable bumper

prevent accidents
no broken things, supervise child.

emergency procedure
take attendance, tell procedures, number of poison control, numbers to emergency and back up, know where exits are.

car seat
Properly secured in seat belt, booster, care seat

BBD
Baby bottle decay

Inappropriate foods Baby, toddler, young child..
baby- anything not milk
Toddler- honey, peanuts, hard candy, sugar, popcorn.
Young child- soda, caffeine, sweets, fast food in moderation…