Study Guide for Unit 4 Exam

The Silk Road
The Silk Road is a historically important international trade route between China and the Mediterranean. Because China silk comprised a large proportion of the trade along this ancient road, in 1877, it was named the ‘Silk Road’ . It connected both Asia and Africa for trade.

civilization that developed a system of writing known as cuneiform

Russian leader who supported Vladimir Lenin during the transition from Tsarist government to Communism

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

OPEC’s Goals
regulate oil prices, export petroleum

A country that belonged to the Soviet Russian Government but broke away to obtain its’

Revolutions in General
oppose political and economic inequalities and can lead to revolt

League of Nations
Organization of WWI era bringing nations together to prevent future wars

Berlin Wall
built by Soviet Russia to keep citizens inside the walls under communism. WWII

Aug. 13, 1961 The Berlin Wall
Barrier put in place to imprison a community of 17 million people

An official state in 1948 – home to the Jews who survived the Holocaust

no water for a long period of time in a region (rainfall)

Muslim- Sunni
Predominant religion of the Middle East

Has the most in this region

Natural Resources in Middle East
Oil, natural gas, phosphate

needed to build a civilization – helps to feed the people

Hammurabi’s Code
a code of laws with punishments listed on the Stele

birthplace of the three major monotheistic religions of the world

Panama Canal
waterway built to connect the Atlantic -Carribbean and Pacific Oceans without going around South America

language, music, dance, food, religion of a people of a given region

Fertile Crescent
Land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers with soil for producing crops

Israel and Palestine
dispute the land of the West Bank and the Gaza for territorial control

process of taking salt out of water

Suez Canal
Built by the British,

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