Study Guide for Unit 4 Exam

The Silk Road
The Silk Road is a historically important international trade route between China and the Mediterranean. Because China silk comprised a large proportion of the trade along this ancient road, in 1877, it was named the ‘Silk Road’ . It connected both Asia and Africa for trade.
Mesopotamia
civilization that developed a system of writing known as cuneiform
Stalin
Russian leader who supported Vladimir Lenin during the transition from Tsarist government to Communism
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OPEC’s Goals
regulate oil prices, export petroleum
Georgia
A country that belonged to the Soviet Russian Government but broke away to obtain its’
independence
Revolutions in General
oppose political and economic inequalities and can lead to revolt
League of Nations
Organization of WWI era bringing nations together to prevent future wars
Berlin Wall
built by Soviet Russia to keep citizens inside the walls under communism. WWII
Aug. 13, 1961 The Berlin Wall
Barrier put in place to imprison a community of 17 million people
Israel
An official state in 1948 – home to the Jews who survived the Holocaust
Drought
no water for a long period of time in a region (rainfall)
Muslim- Sunni
Predominant religion of the Middle East
Abundant
Has the most in this region
Natural Resources in Middle East
Oil, natural gas, phosphate
Agriculture
needed to build a civilization – helps to feed the people
Hammurabi’s Code
a code of laws with punishments listed on the Stele
Jerusalem
birthplace of the three major monotheistic religions of the world
Panama Canal
waterway built to connect the Atlantic -Carribbean and Pacific Oceans without going around South America
Culture
language, music, dance, food, religion of a people of a given region
Fertile Crescent
Land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers with soil for producing crops
Israel and Palestine
dispute the land of the West Bank and the Gaza for territorial control
Desalination
process of taking salt out of water
Suez Canal
Built by the British,