Stalin Hitler Mussolini
Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini were all famous leaders of their time. When the word famous is mentioned for their description, it is not necessarily good. In fact none of them were known for anything good. You could say they were in”famous”. They all lead during the same time period; during the early to mid 1900s. Stalin was part of the Russians, Mussolini was with the Italians, and Hitler was with the Germans.
Joseph Stalin, of Russia, was completely uninterested in ideological debates, as he wanted to establish his own power within the Soviet system. Stalin had Trotsky expelled and ousted Bukharin in order for this to occur. Because of his torture technique for people to confess their crimes, about 10 million Russians were arrested in the late 1930s. Stalin even sent an assassin to kill Trotsky in 1940. In 1928, Stalin implemented the Five-Year Plan to expand Russia into an industrial nation. In order to find money for this, Stalin forced the kulaks, or wealthy peasants, to work on the farms. All of this brought the Soviet Union to a major industrial power in the end of the 1930s, while all others were in a devastating economic depression.
Benito adopted his father’s Socialist beliefs. His views began to change during the war when Mussolini broke with his fellow Socialists and supported Italy’s entrance into the war. He formed the National Fascist Party, which fought leftist organizations. The fascist march turned into a celebration as King Victor Emmanuel III announced that Mussolini could be the Prime Minister. He had very little opposition, but when he did during a murder of a Socialist politician, he consolidated his power by banning non-fascist political activity. Some help that Mussolini did do for Italy is that he made peace with more established institutions, such as the Catholic Church. Italy’s economy went down, but it rebounded in the late 1920s, but so did the rest of the world’s economy.
Adolf Hitler was refused from Vienna’s Academy of Fine Arts as a young man, so in Vienna he developed his virulent anti=Semitism. He voluntarily served in the German army, where he survived a poison gas attack. He joined the German Workers Party, which renamed later to the National Socialist German Workers Party, which was one of the small extremist groups that formed in the early days of the Weimar Republic. He launched the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, but as it didn’t stage a revolt, he was put on trial. Hitler decided that in the future he would have to use existing political structure to achieve power. Hitler followed the voting which he won because of lots of Nazis, which gave the party emergency powers to govern the state and combined the authority of the chancellor and the president into one with a new non-republican sounding titlethe Fuhrer. In 1933, Hitler banned all political parties except the Nazis. The German army was getting bigger, not following the Versailles treaty, but Hitler didn’t care.
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