Solutions Vocabulary Flashcard

saturated
a solution that has the maximum amount of solute dissolved at a certain temperature and pressure
soluable
capable of being dissolved
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
heterogeneous mixture
a mixture of two or more substances that does not have a uniform composition (more than one phase)
solvent
the substance that does the dissolving to make a solution
solute
the substance that is dissolved in a solution
suspension
a mixture in which the particles in the solvent are so large that they settle out
colloid
a mixture made of particles of intermiate size that will scatter light, but not settle out
electrolyte
a substance that dissolves in water to produces a solution that conducts electricity
non-electrolyte
a substance that dissolves in water to produce a solution that does not conduct electricity
unsaturated
a solution that contains less solute that can be dissolved at a certain temperature and pressure
supersaturated
a solution that contains more solute than a saturated solution under the same conditions
solubility
the amount of substance required to form a saturated solution with a specific amount of solvent at a certain temperature
polar molecule
a molecule with uneven distribution of charge
non-polar molecule
a molecule with even distribution of charge
immiscible
liquid solvents and solutes that are not soluable in one another
miscible
liquid solutes and solvents that are able to dissolve freely in one another in any proportion
effervescence
the rapid escape of dissolved gases from a liquid
concentration
a meaure of the amount of solute dissolved in a given amount of solvent or solution
molarity
the number of moles of a solute in one liter of solution
dissociation
the separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dissolves
ionization
the formation of ions from a molecular solute from the action of a polar solvent
net ionic equation
an equation that includes only those ions that react to form a precipitate in aqueous solution
spectator ions
an ion that does not take part in a chemical reaction and is found in solution both before and after the reaction
strong electrolyte
any compound that dissolves almost completely to form ions in aqueous solution
weak electrolyte
a compound of which a relatively small amount of the dissolved comound exists as ions in an aqueous solution
freezing point depression
the difference in freezing points of a pure solvent and a solution with a solute dissolved in the solvent
boiling point elevation
the difference between the boiling points of a pure solvent and a solution with a solute dissolved in the solvent

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