Sociology Unit 3

personality
sum total of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values that are characteristic of an individual
heredity
the transmission of genetic characteristic from parents to children
instinct
an unchanging, biologically inherited behavior pattern
sociobiology
systematic study of the biological basis of all social behavior
aptitude
capacity to learn a particular skill or acquire a particular body of knowledge
feral children
wild or untamed children
socialization
interactive process through which people learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of a society
self
conscious awareness of possessing a distinct identity that separates you and your environment from other members of society
looking-glass self
interactive process by which we develop an image of ourselves based on how we imagine we appear to others
role-taking
basis of the socialization process that allows to anticipate what others expect of us
significant others
people who have a direct influence on our sociolization
generalizaed other
internalized attitudes, expectations, and viewpoints of society
i
unsocialized, spontaneous, self-interested component of personality and self-identity
me
part of ourself that is aware of the expectations and attitudes of society – the socialized self
anticipatory socialization
learning the rights, obligations, and expectations of a role to prepare for assuming that role in the future
homogamy
tendency of individuals to marry people who have social characteristics similar to their own
courting buggy
horse-drawn carriage used by the Amish
drug
any substance that changes mood, behavior, or consciousness
social intergration
degree of attachment people have to social groups or to society as a whole
agents of socialization
specific forces and situations that shape socialization