sociology chapter 8

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was the first to propose that we might need affirmative action for men
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Judith Kleinfield
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While the notion of gender refers to sociological characteristics, the concept of sex refers to ________ characteristics
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biological
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What classification or terminology do sociologists apply to women that describe their inability to gain equal access to power, property, and prestige
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minority group
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In what society were women and men often considered social equals
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hunting and gathering
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Which group of men do women fear the most as potential rapists?
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strangers
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In politics, what distinction does Carol Brown hold?
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She was the first African American woman elected to the U.S. Senate
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What term describes the invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing to the top levels of a corporation?
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the glass ceiling
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What sport did anthropologist Douglas Foley and sociologist Donna Eder examine to illustrate the devaluation of females as a method of motivating men
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football
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George Murdock discovered that only a few jobs were consistently male-dominated in his study of 324 societies around the world. He considered all of the following as male-dominated jobs EXCEPT for ________.
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taking care of cattle
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What conclusion did George Murdock make following his study of 324 societies?
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Every society associates certain activities with one sex or the other
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Of the nation’s top 500 corporations, referred to as the “Fortune 500,” ________ are headed by women
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18
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Based on the accident that led to the sex change of a seven-month-old identical twin as well as the Vietnam veterans’ study, which statement is most accurate regarding the effects of nature and nurture on behavior?
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Human behavior is the result of nature and nurture working together
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Which wave of the women’s movement focused on the problems of women in the Least Industrialized Nations
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the third wave
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What is the term for gender discrimination against women who miss the work experience while they care for children at home
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the child penalty
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Sexual harassment was not recognized as being a social problem until the
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1970s
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In which profession have women made the greatest change in earning professional degrees compared to the number of degrees conferred to men?
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dentistry
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In Pakistan, Jordan, and Kurdistan, a woman who has brought disgrace to her family is killed by a male relative, usually her brother or husband. This practice is called
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honor killing
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Marketing, sales, and production positions are considered _________ that lead(s) to the top of a company
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pipelines
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What is the practice of suttee?
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burning the living widow with the body of her dead husband
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Joan and Jim were both hired to do the same work at the Acme Tool Company, although Jim’s title is slightly different from Joan’s. Jim has received a higher starting salary. What do sociologists call this form of employment discrimination?
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the testosterone bonus
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The term for the unequal access to power, prestige, and property based on a person’s sex is
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gender stratification
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What has the Supreme Court ruled regarding the treatment of homosexuals in the workplace and sexual harassment
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Sexual harassment laws apply to homosexuals who are harassed by heterosexuals or other homosexuals on the job
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Of the following choices, the doctorate conferred with the greatest percentage of women recipients is ________, while the doctorate with the greatest percentage to men is
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psychology; engineering
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Which of the following is a primary sex characteristic?
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a uterus in women
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According to sociologists, why do men and women typically perform different types of work?
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It is a product of socialization and social control.

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