Sociology Chapter 3 T & F

Replication of previous results is a necessary step for new research
False

There is both art and science involved in doing sociological research.
True

An advantage of doing participant observation research is that it is very easy fast
False

The findings that result from study of a larger sample will always be more generalizable than those from the study of a smaller sample.
False

It is possible for a variable to be reliable, but not valid, at the same time.
True

All sociological research methods are equally able to establish cause and effect.
False

In content analysis, the researcher does not study people directly.
True

When one person collects data and a second person uses their data, the second person is using primary data.
False

Open-ended questions are most likely to be analyzed qualitatively.
True

Sociological research, especially quantitative research, is always value-free or completely objective.
False

If every time a test is given the results are dramatically different, this is an indication that the test is not reliable.
True

Only concepts that may be observed directly are open to measurement.
False

All sociological research follows the model of hypothesis testing.
False

Sociologists avoid reading other studies of the same things they are studying so as not to bias their own research.
False

Any type of sociological method may be used to answer any type of research question.
False

Television call-in voting, and “man-on-the-street” interviews are examples of scientific research applied to ordinary settings.
False

Quantitative research is less structured than qualitative research.
False

Any information that is found published on the web may be trusted as a valid source for sociological research.
False

There are reasons that a sociologist may want to repeat or replicate a study previously done by someone else.
True

A low return rate for a survey is likely to result in findings that are not generalizable to the entire population.
True

The method best suited for determining cause and effect is the controlled experiment.
True

Quantitative research is based on direct observation.
False

Sociologists are not interested in historical research.
False

One disadvantage of participant observation is the risk of the researcher “going native.”
True

The discussion of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study illustrated the importance of research ethics.
True

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