Sociology B, Units 3 & 4 Test

challenges Americans with disabilities face
prejudice, discrimination, and difficulty finding meaningful employment

the United States spends a higher percentage of its GDP on health care than
any other country in the world

some of the factors that have contributed to the rapid rise in health care cost
hospital care, advances in medical technology, and prescription drugs

the elderly in the United States have become
the majority of the population

examples of ageism
an older adult portrayed as a positive role model

more and more Americans are seeking medical advice from
the Internet

groups that work to bring national attention to the elderly
the American Association of Retired Persons, National Council of Aging, and the Gray Panthers

the shortage for physicians lies here
general practitioners

baby boom generation
40 – 70 years of age, born between 1946 and the 1960s

an example of gender inequality in politics
underrepresentation in political office

children learn gender role behaviors this way
through socialization

the wage gap—the level of women’s income relative to that of men—is currently
75 cents to the dollar

one result of the second shift is
women, on average, have less leisure time than men

college degree that a woman be more likely to pursue

women make up this much of the voting-age population
52 percent

the sex who enjoys more leisure time

the most powerful agent of gender socialization

in most societies men are charged with this
providing economic support and physical safety for the family

many senior citizens are
politically active

more women than men age 65 and older are
in poverty

in just two decades, this has become one of the most serious public health problems in the United States and worldwide

some people have suggested that health care problems could be overcome by this
the creation of a national health care system

the Equal Rights Amendment was formed and was ratified by 38 states in this year

on college campuses, 56 percent of all bachelor’s degrees are awarded to

sociologists interpret cross-cultural variations as
evidence that gender roles are socially created

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