Sociology 201 Exam 3 Dr. Boydstun Latech

question

racial group
answer

describes a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences that have taken on social signigicance
question

ethnic group
answer

is set apart from others primarily because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns
question

minority group
answer

subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than the members of a dominant group have over theirs
question

racial formation
answer

a sociohistorical process in which racial categories are created, inhabited, transformed and destroyed
question

prejudice
answer

negative attitude torward an entire category of people often an ethnic or racial minority
question

ethnocentrism
answer

the tendency to assume that ones own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others
question

racism
answer

the belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior
question

stereotypes
answer

unreliable generalizations about all members of a group that do not recognize individual differences within the group
question

color blind racism
answer

is the use of the principle of race neutrality to defend a racially unequal status quo
question

discrimination
answer

the denial of oppurtunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or other arbitrary reasons
question

glass ceiling
answer

refers to an invisible barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified individual in a work environment because of their gender, race, or ethnicity
question

white privalage
answer

refers to rights or immunities granted to people as a particular benefit or favor simply because they are white
question

affirmative action
answer

positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs
question

in sociological terms, members of a minority group
answer

experience unequal treatment
question

which sociological perspective views the economic structure as a central factor in the exploitation of minority groups
answer

conflict perspective
question

the practice of assuming that people who fit certain descriptions are likely to be engaged in illegal activities is referred to as
answer

racial profiling
question

genocide refers to
answer

deliberately and systematically killing an entire people or the members of a nation
question

segregation refers to
answer

physically separating two groups, an action often imposed on a minority group by a dominant group
question

which population group represents the largest minority in the U.S.
answer

Latinos
question

which term refers to expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities, of males and females
answer

gender roles
question

functionalists view gender roles in which of the following ways
answer

gender roles are necessary to keep the family in balance
question

which perspective suggests that men may originally have become more powerful in preindustrial times because their size, physical strength and freedom from childbearing duties allowed them to dominate women physically, but in contemporary societies such considerations are not so important
answer

conflict persepctive
question

the ideology that one sex is superior to the other is known as
answer

sexism
question

which term refers to the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups that results from the normal operations of a society
answer

institutional discrimination
question

women do the majority of housework in
answer

all countries
question

women earn what percent of every dollar a man earns
answer

80 percent
question

which term refers to an advantage that men have when employed in female dominated occupations
answer

glass escalator
question

the belief in social, economic, and politcal equality for women is referred to as
answer

feminism
question

the textbook refers to \”a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity as
answer

health
question

culture contributes to differences in medical care and even how health is defined
answer

true
question

the medicalization of society refers to the
answer

growing role of medicine as a major institution of social control
question

which theoretical perspective views medicine as a form of social control
answer

conflict persepvtive
question

In examining health illness and medicine as a social institution, which sociological perspective generally focuses on micro-level study of the roles played by health care professionals and patients
answer

interactionist perspective
question

women have shorter life spans due to their lifestyle choices
answer

false
question

younger people are more likely to be hospitalized than elderly people, die to the lifestyles and risks taken more often by young people compared to older people
answer

false
question

morbidity rates are the
answer

incidence of diseases in a given population
question

research in the US and other countries has consistently shown that people in the lower classes have
answer

higher rates of mortality and disability
question

in what year did the US government enact both medicare and medicaid – two national health care programs receiving federal funding
answer

1965

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member