sociology 101 week 8 chpts 12-15

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Course Intro To Sociology
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Correct The idea that religions can be understood as organizations in competition with one another for followers is known as:
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Religious economy
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Correct A system of common beliefs and rituals centered on “sacred things” that unites believers and provides a sense of meaning and purpose is referred to as:
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Religion
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Correct The study of human cultures and societies and their development is known as:
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Anthropology
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Correct A church that is formally allied with the state and is the official religion of the society is referred to as:
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Correct Answer: Ecclesia
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Correct Groups comprised of people who share the same concerns on a particular issue are referred to as:
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Correct Answer: Interest groups
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Correct The threat or use of physical violence to force compliance is referred to as:
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Correct Answer: Coercion
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Correct The codified rules of behavior established by a government and backed by the threat of force are known as:
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Correct Answer: Law
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Correct _____ is power based on a belief in the lawfulness of enacted rules (laws) and the legitimate right of leaders to exercise authority under such rules.
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Correct Answer: Rational-legal authority
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Correct An economy based on the exchange of goods and services rather than money is known as:
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Correct Answer: Barter economy
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Correct Highly educated professionals who engage in mental labor and the manipulation of symbols are also known as:
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Correct Answer: Symbolic analysts
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Correct The social institution that organizes the ways in which a society produces, distributes, and consumes goods and services is known as:
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Correct Answer: Economy
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Correct The replacement of human labor by machines in the process of manufacturing is known as:
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Correct Answer: Automation
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Correct Which of the following food categories receives the most federal subsidies?
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Correct Answer: Meats and dairy
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Correct The science and practice of health protection and maintenance at a community level is referred to as:
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Correct Answer: Public health
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Correct Which of the following best represents the sociological definition of health?
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Correct Answer: The extent to which a person experiences a state of mental, physical, and social well-being
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Correct An institutionalized system for the scientific diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness is known as:
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Correct Answer: Medicine
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