Social Psychology Ch 1

Define social psychology and give examples of the discipline’s central concerns.
Social psychology is the scientific study of how people think about , influence, and relate to one another

Identify social psychology’s overarching themes.
How we construct our social worlds
How our social interactions guide and sometimes deceive us
How our social behavior is shaped by other people, by our attitudes and personalities and by our biology
How social psychology’s principles apply to our everyday lives and to other various fields of study

Describe similarities and differences between social psychology and other disciplines that
study human nature.

Indicate how the personal values of social psychologists permeate their work.
Social psychologists’ values penetrate their work in obvious ways: such as their choice of research topics
the types of people who are attracted to various fields of study
hiding assumptions when forming concepts, choosing labels and giving advice

Discuss the nature and implications of “hindsight bias” for social psychology.
Social psychology is criticized for being trivial because it documents things that seems obvious. Experiments show that outcomes are more ‘obvious’ *after* the facts are known. This hindsight bias often makes people overconfident about the validity of their judgements and predictions

Explain the general nature and purpose of a theory.
Integrated set of concepts that explain and predict observed
events

Describe major research methods used in social psychology, and state the advantages and
disadvantages of each.
1. Correlational – asking of two or more factors are naturally associated. Allows us to predict but can’t tell if changing one variable will cause change in another.
Good: Often uses real-world settings
Bad: ambiguous interpretation of cause and effect

2. Experimental – manipulating some factor to see its effect on another
Good: Can explore cause and effect by controlling variables and by random assignment
Bad: Some important variables can’t be studied with experiments

Identify ethical standards that govern social-psychological research.
Obtaining people’s informed consent
protecting them from harm
fully disclosing afterward any temporary deceptions

What Is Social Psychology?
Scientific study of how people think about, influence,
and relate to one another

What are the six big ideas in social psychology?
1. We construct our social reality (we react differently because we think differently)

2. Our social intuitions are often powerful but sometimes perilous (we’re not always right)

3. Social influences shape our behavior (social behavior is a function of both the person & environment).

4. Personal attitudes and dispositions also shape behavior (internal forces; introvert vs extrovert).

5. Social behavior is biologically rooted (nature, not nurture)

6. Social psychology principles are applicable in everyday life (how to know ourselves better, better health, better judicial procedures, influencing behaviors).

Describe several ways in which cultural and societal values affect the field of social psychology.
Social psychologists’ values penetrate their work in obvious ways: such as their choice of research topics
the types of people who are attracted to various fields of study
hiding assumptions when forming concepts, choosing labels and giving advice

What is a hypothesis?
Testable proposition that describes a relationship that may
exist between events

What is the difference between independent and dependent variable?
Independent variable: The experimental factor that a researcher manipulates

Dependent variable: the variable being measured – it’s dependent on the manipulations of the independent variable

Tagged In :

Get help with your homework


image
Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample For Only $13.90/page

Sarah from studyhippoHi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out