Social Contract and Enlightenment Thinkers Essay

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Enlightenment
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An intellectual movement that believed human reason could be used to combat ignorance, superstition, and tyranny to build a better world
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Social Contract Theory
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By contract, people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order. The state in turn, agrees to protect its citizens.
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Thomas Hobbes
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-Social Contract -People are naturally cruel, greedy, and selfish. If not strictly controlled, they will fight, rob, and oppress one another.
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John Locke
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-Natural Rights:in the “state of nature” (before government) that were God given rights from birth. The right to Life, Liberty, Property. -If governments failed to preserve the rights of the people, the people had the right to break the contract. -Thought that people were basically reasonable and moral
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Rousseau
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-Believed people were naturally good, but are corrupted by society -States the good of the community as a whole should be placed above individual interests. -Published The Social Contract
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Montesquieu
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-Published The Spirit Of The Laws -Believed the best way to protect liberty was to divide the functions and powers of government (separation of powers) into 3 Branches (LEJ) -Each of the branches preform checks and balances on other 2 branches

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