SOAPS AND WRITING STYLES

What are the four types of writing?
Expository, Descriptive, Persuasive, Narrative

Expository
1) Explains a process
2) It has a logical order and sequence
3) Feature facts and figures

Descriptive
1) Describing using the five steps
2) Focuses on one object or part of a topic

Persuasive
1) When the author takes a stand and asks you to agree
2) Will include reasons and arguments and often a call to action.

Narrative
1) Tells a story
2) Often has three things:
a) characters
b) conflict
c) dialogue

Define nonfiction
Based on true facts, events, or people

What are some nonfiction?
Biographies
History Books
Textbooks
Dictionaries
Bible
Encyclopedia
Signs
Newspapers
Some magazines
Cook book
Emails
Text messages

What are some fiction?
Fairy Tales
Science Fiction
Action/ Adventure
Horror Stories
Romance
Short Story
Historical Fiction
Mystery Novels
Comic Books
Graphic Novels
Poetry

What does SOAPS stand for?
S: Speaker
O: Occasion
A: Audience
P: Purpose
S: Subject

Define speaker
Who is the speaker/ writer of the piece?

Define Occasion
What is the context or current situation?
What is the time and place of the piece?

Define Audience
To what group of readers/ listeners is this piece directed?

Define Purpose
Why was this piece written/spoken?
What is the reasoning behind this piece?
What is the overall pint the author is trying to make?

Define Subject
What topics does this piece address?
What details are mentioned in this piece?

What is the Greek system called
It is called the Rhetorical Triangle with the 3 Appeals

What are the three corners?
Audience, Message, Speaker

Define Message
Message gives purpose of piece

Define Audience*
Need to know to tailor the message to them
Necessity

Define Speaker*
Person giving message
Credible speaker so speaker will believe them/ trustworthy

What part of soap is the part of message?
Purpose and Subject

What part of the three appeals is the part of message?
Logos

What part of soap is the part of Speaker?
Speaker

What part of the three appeals is the part of speaker?
Ethos

What part of soap is the part of Audience?
Audience

What part of the three appeals is the part of audience?
Pathos

Define context:
Background of what is going on when a piece was written
(Effective or not)

What part of soap is the part of context?
Occasion

What are the three appeals?
Pathos,Logos, Ethos

Pathos
Emotional appeals
Needs to have emotions to connect to audience to work

Logos
Appeal to logic
Message has to come across logically
Needs to be organized logically

Ethos
Appeal to character
Trustworthiness of speaker