Slides on Writing Effective Business Reports

Don’t usually have separate sections or use headings figures and appendices Don’t include recommendations Reports: Originated in the workplace Purpose is to summaries the key details of a situation and analyses the implications Have headings for separate sections that can be read individually May contain tables, charts, figures and appendices Often contain recommendations 5 Basic business report structure Section Comments Cover Page Title page Assessment details, your name & student number Title of report Executive Summary A summary of the entire report – not Just the introduction.

Usually 10% of the word count. Table of Contents If required, should be an automatic Table of Contents listing each section along with 1. Introduction 1. 1 Background 1. 2 Aims 1. 3 Scope An outline of the report’s structure, often in three parts. For short reports, the three sections can be combined into one paragraph with Just Introduction as a heading (10% of the word count). 2. Discussion (& Analysis) 2. 1 2. 2 2. 3 Using the heading Discussion and / or Analysis is optional – use heading sand subheadings that identifies the main topic / topics in each section. 3. Conclusion 4.

Recommendations Summarizes main points and concludes on what these main points may reveal. Recommendations, while optional, are suggestions as to what can be done with the results / conclusions found. 5. Reference List / Bibliography List of sources referred to in text. 6. Appendices A list of important items – often in table or diagram format. Must be labeled and numbered – and referred to by label and number in text. 6 The executive summary 1) Explains the purpose of the report, 2) Summarizes the main points and analysis, and: 3) Encourages readers to implement the recommendations.

Executive summary = A brief summary of each section of the report: 1) 2) 3) 4) Introduce topic, Summaries the research question(s), Summaries main findings / analysis, State conclusions, State basic recommendations (can be point form). 7 Introduction Purpose: to orient reader to content and give context: 1) Background (gives some context) 2) Aims / Objectives or statement of purpose (in other words: why this topic is being investigated) 3) Scope (Why are these specific parts of this topic being covered? Note: begin page numbers 8 Report vs.. Essay introduction Essay: Report: This essay contrasts the benefits of rote learning and critical thinking in the context of university education. It argues that although rote learning is important for passing exams in some subjects, the development of critical thinking skills is far more crucial in succeeding overall within the tertiary education environment. Whereas rote learning involves memorizing information, the central aspect of critical thinking is to ask questions and to think independently.

Critical thinking carries across to all aspects of learning, including participating actively in the classroom, selecting and reading source material carefully, and constructing logical arguments in written work. This essay focuses on the importance of critical thinking for assessing the constructing a coherent argument. 1. 0 Introduction 1 . 1. Background In 2007 Collar Associates of Australia AAA) failed in its attempt to acquire 90% of the Santa group (Time Magazine 2007). After the failed bid, Santa reviewed its fiscal approach to create a ‘poison pill’ to deter any future buy out attempts (Nib 2007).

Given this, AJAX is considering creating its own airline, Collar Air, o compete with Santa within Australia and internationally. This report examines international and Australian aviation conditions and markets to consider the feasibility of a new Australian airline successfully competing within Australia and in the international market. This report only examines international airline revenues and competition. It does not cover… 9 Discussion – Main Body Divided into sections / subsections to indicate stages: 1) Present and discuss your findings 2) Analyses any data you have presented 3) Don’t need a heading called “Findings” 10