Seeley Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1

-Gas exchange in the lungs
-Filtration in the kidney
-Movement of food through the intestines
Identify examples of the study of Physiology

Physiology
The pancreas secretes insulin in response to an elevation of blood glucose levels. This would be an example of _____ of the pancreas.

Anatomy
The study of the organization and form of body structures is called _____

Organism
A living thing considered to be a whole is a living ____

-Atom
-Cell
-Tissue
-Organ
-Organ System
-Organism
Arrange the list of structural hierarchy in the body in order of complexity.

Cell
In organisms, the smallest living structural and functional subunit is called a ____

-Rough endoplasmic reticulum
-Golgi body
-Nucleus
Examples of organelles include:

Organelle
The structures within a cell that carry out the biochemical reactions for specific functions are called ____

Cells
A tissue is a group of ____ with common functions

Organ
A group of tissues that work together for a specialized function is called an _____

-Heart
-Blood vessels
-Biceps brachii
-Stomach
Identify the structures that are considered organs (Examples)

Metabolism
The term that refers to all the chemical reactions occurring in cells is _____

Cell
The basic structural and functional unit of life is the ____

Organ
Two or more different tissues that perform a common function is called an ____

Development
The changes in an organism beginning with fertilization and ending with death are referred to as ____

Differentation
The changing of a generalized cell to the specialized cell type is referred to as ____

Negative Feedback
Bodily changes are detected and responses are activated that reverse the change and restore stability and preserve normal body function during ___ _____

98.6 F
An individual is suffering from a fever of 102 F. Ideal body temp is 98.6 F. The set point for body temp is ____

Receptor
A structure, molecule, or cell that detects a stimulus (or change in the body variable) is called a _____

Positive Feedback
A feedback mechanism that represents a cycle where physiological change leads to an even greater change in the same direction is a ___ _____

True
True/False
Positive feedback mechanisms are less common in healthy individuals than negative feedback mechanisms

Effector
What portion of a feedback mechanisms carries out a response to change a body variable

False
True/False
A deviation from a set point always results in a disease

-Standing erect
-Upper limbs hanging at sides
-Palms forward
Anatomical position refers to a body that is:

False (your chest is always anterior to your back)
True/False
If you are lying on the ground in the supine position your chest is superior to your back

Superior
A structure is located above another (closer to the head) is ___ to it

Cephalic
The term that means towards the head is ____

Inferior
A structure located below another (closer to the feet) is ____ to it

Effector
The molecule, cell, or organ that carries out a response to a stimulus is called an _____

Anterior
A structure to the front of another is ____ to it

Superficial
The patellar region is located on the ____ surface of the knee

Posterior
The vertebral column is ____ to the rib cage

-Abdomen
-Thorax
-Pelvis
The trunk consists of what three body regions

Pectoral
In anatomical language, the chest is referred to as the ___

Pelvic
The inferior-most region of the trunk is referred to as the ___ region