TrustA group of corporations run by a single board of directors.
MonoplyExclusive control over something.
Gilded AgeTime period from 1870-1890 where the glitter of American society was hiding serious problems.
CorruptionGetting something through dishonest or illegal methods.
Spoils SystemThe practice of rewarding political supporters with government jobs.
James GarfiledThe President who was shot and killed by a disappointed office seeker.
Chester ArthurThe president who worked with the Congress to get a law passed that would change how people got government jobs.
Civil ServiceSystem that includes most government jobs, except elected positions the judiciary,and the military.
Interstate Commerce ActThe federal law passed in 1887, that provided for regulation of the railroads and the forbidding of practices such as rebates.
Interstate Commerce CommissionThe group of people created to oversee the regulation of the railroads.
Sherman Antitrust ActThe federal law passed in 1890, prohibiting businesses from trying to limit or destroy competition.
William Marcy TweedThe political boss of New York who cheated New York City out of more than $100 million dollars.
Political MachinePoliticians or party bosses controlling the politics in some areas.
ProgressivismReform movement that believed the solution to social problems lay in a more active role on the part of the government.
Wisconsin IdeaAppointing commissions of experts to solve problems.
Robert LaFolletteThe Wisconsin governor who was a progressive reformer.
PrimaryAn election in which voters, rather than party leaders, choose their partys candidate.
RecallA process by which people may vote remove an elected official from office.
InitiaiveA process that allows voters to put a bill before a state legislature.
ReferendumA way for people to vote directly on a proposed new law.
Graduated Income TaxA method of taxation that taxes people at different rates depending on income.
16th AmendmentThe Constitutional amendment that was ratified in 1913, which provided for the people to vote directly on senators.
17th AmendmentThe constitutional amendment that was ratified in 1913, which provided for the people to vote directly on senators.
MuckrakerA crusading journalist; journalist trying to uncover corruption or evils in society.
Ida TarbellA muckraker who accused John D. Rockefeller of unfair business methods.
Jacob RiisA photographer and writer who showed shocking images of slum life in New York City.
Upton SinclairA muckraker who wrote a book called The Jungle which described the horrible conditions in the meatpacking industry.
Pendleton ActA federal law that set up a system for filling government jobs based on passing a test.
GraftGetting money through dishonest or questionable ways.