Scientific Revolution Test Questions Essay

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Where was Copernicus born and what did he do in his early life?
1. born February 19,1473 in Thorn,Poland
2. Entered University of Krakow
3. studied liberal arts/medicine
4. focused his attention to astronomy
Besides astronomy, what did Copernicus study in school?
mathematics, philosophy,liberal arts, medicine law
What different occupations did Copernicus engage in?
medicine/law
Wrote Tritus on monetary reform that focused on law
What was Copernicus’ Heliocentric Theory?
Copernicus’ heliocentric theory was he proposed that a rotating Earth revolving with other planets about a stationary central. Also he said the Sun could account in a simpler way for the same observed phenomena of the daily rotation of the heavens and the annual movement of the Sun. marked beginning of scientific revolution, church did not welcome earth revolves around the Sun
When did Copernicus reportedly receive a copy of his printed theory?
He reportedly received a copy of his printed theory by 1543- also the year when he died.
Where was Kepler born and where did he receive his education?
He was born in Weil der Stadht in Swabia in southwest Germany. He received his education at the Protesant university of Tubingen where he studied theology.
Who did Kepler replace after serving as his assistant?
He replaced Tyco Brahe’s after serving as his assistant.
What was Kepler’s mother accused of being?
His mother was accused of being a witch.
What invention did Galileo improve upon?
telescope
What did Galileo discover with his new invention?
With Galileo’s invention he discovered the moons of planet Jupiter and the phases of the planet Venus.
What accepted theory was Galielo required to teach the at University of Pisa?
The accepted theory that he was required to teach at the University of Pisa was sun and all the planets revolved around the Earth-Geocentric Theory
Whose theory was Galielo exposed to at the University of Padua?
The theory that he was exposed to at the University of Padua was a new theory that was proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus which stated that the Earth and all the other planets revolved around the sun. Also Gaileo’s observations with his new telescope made him believe Copernicus’s heliocentric theory.
What was Galileo convicted of and what was the disposition of his sentence?
Galileo was convicted of heresy and forced him to withdraw his support of Copernicus. They sentenced him to life imprisonment. Because of advanced age- allowed him to serve house arrest at his house arrest outside of
Who was born in the year that Galileo died?
Isaac Newton
At what age did Francis Bacon enter college?
Bacon entered Trinity College Cambridge at age 12.
What did Francis Bacon become a member at the House of Commons
23 years old
What was Bacon’s father’s role in the Queen’s court?
Bacon’s father’s role in the Queen’s court was Lord Keeper of the Seal of Elisabeth I.
Describe Bacon’s “method.”
Bacon’s method was Novum Organum which is a new method to replace that of Aristotle. He thought that his method would eventually disclose and bring into sight all that is most hidden and secret in the universe. His method involved collection of data, judicious interpretation, carrying out of experiments and learn the secrets of nature by organized observation of its regularities.
METHOD:- (early scientific method) Collecting data, intepretations, experimenting
What was Descartes’ excuse for sleeping late?
Descartes excuse for sleeping late was that he was permitted to lie in bed until late in the mornings as a way to preserve his heath. He had delicate health
What were Descartes’ chief contributions to mathematics?
Descartes’ chief contributions to mathematics was that he gave a explanation of the principles of analytical geometry and divides curves into two classes, namely, geometric and mechanical.
Besides mathematics, what other science did Descartes delve into?
Light and optics, philosophy, medicine, motion, laws of nature, astronomy
What was Newton’s involvement with the English money system?
Newton’s involvement with the English money system was estimating 20 of money was counter
Involved with master of the mint- where money is printed
When did Isaac Newton become Sir Isaac Newton?
1705
Besides his work with the law of gravity, what were Newton’s other interests?
Other interests that Newton had includes physical science, chemistry, early history of Western civilization and theology, historical studies, theology, optics, really interested in optics
What were Newton’s posthumous (after death) publications?
Newton’s posthumous publications was The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended, The System of the World, first draft of Principia, Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel and lastly the Apocalypse of St. John.

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