Schultz Health Ch.1,2,3

Medical Model
Model of individual body, government resourcesz
Public Health Model
Model of poor health resulting from physical and social environment.
Wellness
Term recognizing levels of health within each category.
Physical Health
Dimension of health. Body type and shape.
Social Health
Dimension of health. Relationships
Intellectual Health
Dimension of health. Ability to think and analyze.
Enviornmental Health
Dimension of health. Understanding your environment avoiding hazards, and working to protect the environmental conditions of others.
Spiritual Health
Dimension of health. Finding meaning and purpose in life.
Heart disease, cancer, respiratory disease, cerebrovascular diseases
Four key health issues in the US.
Health Disparities
Major factors that can affect an individual’s ability to obtain optimal health.
Health Belief Model
Model that holds, before change is likely to happen, several factors must support a belief:
Social Cognitive Model
Model that proposes that three factors (social environment, thoughts or cognition, and our behavior) interact in a reciprocal fashion to promote and motivate change.
Transtheoretical Model
Model of behavior change includes a series of stages that adequately prepare us for an eventual change.
Precontemplation
Transtheoretical Model. No current intention of changing.
Contemplation
Transtheoretical Model. Contemplating the need for change.
Preparation
Transtheoretical Model. Close to taking action; may have a plan.
Action
Transtheoretical Model. Following the action plan.
Maintenance
Transtheoretical Model. Continues actions and works toward making them a permanent plan.
Mental Health
Dimension of Psychological health. The rational or “thinking” dimension of your health.
Emotional Health
Dimension of Psychological health. The “feeling” side of psychological health.
Social Health
Dimension of Psychological health. Includes a person’ interactions with others on an individual and group bias.
Spiritual Health
Dimension of Psychological health. Refers to the sense of belonging to something greater than the physical or personal dimensions of existence.
Psychoneuroimmunology
The study of how the brain and behavior affect the body’s immune system.
Subjective well-being
Those with high levels of ____ are resilient, positive, and less likely to fall into despair over setbacks.
Mental Illness
Disorders that disrupt thinking, feelings, moods, and behaviors.
Depression
The most common mood disorder, affecting about 7% of US population.
Dysthymia
Chronic, mild depression.
Bipolar
Associated with severe mood swings.
Seasonal Affective disorder (SAD)
Associated with reduced exposure to sunlight.
Personality disorder
Patterns of behavior and inner experience that deviate markedly from the individual’s culture.
Schizophrenia
Characterized by alterations of the senses, and is a biological disease.
ADHD
Neurobehavioral disorder associated with hyperactivity or distraction.
Dementia
Aging disorder. Describes either reversible symptoms or progressive forms of brain malfunctioning.
Bereavement
The loss or deprivation experienced when a loved one dies.
Grief
Occurs in reaction to significant loss.
Stress
The mental and physical response and adaptation by our bodies to the real or perceived changes and challenges in our lives.
Stressor
Any real or perceived physical, social, or psychological event or stimulus that causes our bodies to react or respond.
Eustress
Presents the opportunity for personal growth and satisfaction and can actually improve health. Also known as positive stress.
Distress
Negative stress, caused by events that result in debilitating tension and strain. Acute vs chronic.
Alarm
Phase of general adaptation syndrome, events brought on by activation of the sympathetic nervous system and endocrine system.
Resistance
Phase of the general adaptation syndrome, the body tries to return to homeostasis by resisting the alarm responses. However, because some perceived stressor still exists, the body does not achieve complete call more rest.
Exhaustion (Allosteric Load)
Phase of the general adaptation syndrome, The physical and emotional energy used to find a stressor has been depleted. Body more prone to disease and sickness.
Type A
Personality type, hard-driving, competitive, time driven, and tries to be a perfectionist.
Type B
Personality type, relaxed, noncompetitive, and more tolerant of others.
Type C
Personality type, have trouble expressing themselves, hold things in.