SAFMEDS#3 – Chemistry Flashcard

Hydrocarbon
Advance compound made up of hydrogen & carbon.
Hydrogen Bonding
attraction occuring when hydrogen is bonded.
London Forces
uneven distrabution of electrons.
Solubility Rule
like disolves like
Metallic Bond
attraction between metals and their sea of electrons
Catalyst
changes the rate of a chemical reaction
Polar
bonding electrons are shared unequally
Non-Polar
electrons are shared equally
Organic
compound that contains carbon
High-Electornegativity
found in halogens
Low-Electronegitivity
found in alkali metals
Diatomic Element
[H2=H-H] element found in pairs in nature
Ionic
transfer of electrons
Covalent
sharing of electrons
Equilibrium
foward process = reverse process
Hydrate
substance with strong affinity for water molecules
Reduction
oxidation number decreases
Decomposition
breaking down of a substance
Mole
Si base unit
Reactant
substance that is in a chemical reaction
Dipole
(+) and (-) region
Oxidation
oxidation # increases
Synthesis
combining of a substance to make one new product
Lone Pairs
electrons not used in a bond formation
Polyatomic Ion
group of atoms with and overall charge

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