Rubinstein Chapter 1

Scale is
The relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the landscape.

1:24,000 is an example of what kind of scale?
Fractional scale

What elements of study do human and physical geography have in common?
They are concerned with where things occur and why they occur where they do.

Which map would have the largest scale?
City

A system for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is
Projection

A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geography data is
GIS

Which of the following is a fundamental element of culture?
Customary beliefs, social forms, material traits (all of the above)

The science of map making is
Cartography

To geographers, the spread of McDonalds’ around the world represents
economic and cultural globalization

The name given to a portion of Earth’s surface is known as
toponym

Situation identifies a place by its
location relative to other objects.

Site identifies a place by its
unique physical characteristics

You are given the coordinates 128 E longitude, 45 N latitude. This is an example of
Mathematical location

Which is true?
Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end.

A ship’s positions given as 0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located
on the equator

The township and range system
resulted in a gridlike pattern for much of present-day land use in the United States

The arrangement of a phenomenon across the Earth’s surface is
distribution

An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is a
region

The state of Texas is the best considered a formal region because
The same state laws apply everywhere in the the region.

Culture means to
care about something and take care of something (A&B)

According to environmental determinism
the physical environment sets limits on human actions

the concept that the physical environment limits human actions, but that people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment is
Possibilism

The study of how humans and the environment interact is called
cultural ecology

Which of the following best describes the idea of a cultural landscape?
a landscape where human activity has modified the natural environment in any way.

The frequency of something within a given unit of area is
density

The population of the U.S. is approximately 300 million, and the land area is approximately 9 million square kilometers. The arithmetic density of the U.S. is approximately
30 persons per square kilometer

A hearth is
a region from which a feature or trend spreads.

Which is a form of expansion diffusion?
Stimulus, hierarchical, and contagious (all of the above)

The historic diffusion diffusion of HIV/AIDS in the U.S. is an example of which type of diffusion?
Relocation

Elements of globalization of culture include all but
maintaining local traditions

The global movement of money has been enhanced primarily by
improvement in electronic communications

Globalization of the economy has
heightened economic differences among places

The U.S Land Ordinance of 1785 divide much of the country into a system of
Quarter sections, townships, ranges, sections (all of the above)

The concept that the distribution of one phenomenon is related to the location of other phenomena is
spacial association

The spread of something over a given study area is
concentration

Which is not a common practice of transnational corporations?
Relocate command centers from more developed countries.

Geography is not concerned with the study of physical processes
F

Parallels converge at the North and South poles.
F

The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians is called latitude
F

Every map projection distorts the surface of the Earth in some way.
T

A map displays in full detail what lies on the Earth’s surface
F

Distribution refers to the arrangement of observable phenomena across Earth
T

A high degree of dispersion within an ares indicates high density
F

A new piece of land created by draining and area is called a polder.
T

Geographers generally reject environmental determinism for possibilism.
T

The idea that the physical environment limits human actions but that people have the ability to adjust that environment is called possibilism
T

The frequency of a phenomenon in a give study area is known as density.
T

The communication revolution that promotes globalization of culture also permits preservation of cultural diversity.
T

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