There are many differences between Rome and Greece cultures even though they were so similar. For example Roman and Greek both had their own armies but the only Polis that had there own professional army was Sparta, another example is how the Romans would banned together not Just with the societies they conquered but with each other as well, Rome and Greece also had different types of government. These are only three out of many examples of some differences between Rome and Greece. Many people believe that all of Greece was united and had one large spectacular army but that’s not true.
Greece and Rome both had armies of there own but the only Polis that used professional soldiers was Sparta. One of the reasons Rome was so powerful was because of their enormous terrifying army. There army was incredibly large and wore “cleats” for better traction but these cleats also made marching through cities loud and terrifying. Another difference could be something Like where Athens bull their power by sea trade and Rome bull theirs by conquest(Stuntman, 2012). The Athenians believe in wisdom and intelligence before war and anger so they would gain their power with trade instead of battle.
In Rome if you were In the army that was your Job where In most Greece city-states except Sparta the army consists of farmers, blacksmiths, and jobs like that. Most believe that during these times of war they weren’t thought out well and weren’t planned kind of Like how you see In movies but this Sins true. Sparta had more of a hold your position kind of tactic when fighting but the Romans had this battle formation that was a big block of soldiers that would rotate around putting some soldiers in the front for about 1 5 minutes but then moving them back to rest making their army unstoppable nice they don’t tire.
The reason that Rome was dependent on taking over other countries was because they had to take over other countries for resources since they don’t have get there own. When watching movies we see spectacular armies or large cities when we think of Greece but Greece was separated into smaller city-states that aren’t very large. Greece has been Like this for a long time and to my knowledge has been separated like this almost up to the last couple hundred years. All of Rome was one large country but Greece was a bunch of individual city-states.
One of the reasons Greece as small and sectioned, Like I have said before is the terrain of Greece. Greece Is a very mountainous country so it was hard to connect city-states. Even though Greece is small because of terrain the city-states would flow with it. Most city-states had a mountain or hill In It and so the Greeks would put their temple on top of the hill. So the city-states could be large but it wasn’t easy. So if you were to take a large city- state and place it next to Rome. Rome would be a lot bigger because it’s a country not part of one.
Greece might be smaller than Rome in a whole but It wouldn’t be by a lot. Greece has large and known city-states but no one realizes how large Rome really was. The whole Roman army has it’s own fighting style so the soldiers don’t get tired. And so part of Rome and there one big country was they were all united under one rule unlike in Greece where each city-state had there own ruler. Even when Rome took over Greece instead of Rome Just replacing all of Grace’s ways they kind of as Greece stayed the same size stuck in between mountains Rome grew and grew.
And they used their military conquer most of what is known today a Europe. Part of why I am talking about battles and things like that in this section is because that was a major part of the Roman Empire. Without the army or battles the Roman Empire wouldn’t be impressive because it would have never done anything. The reason it is so impressive was because of how large it was and that happened because the Empire took over other countries. In both Roman and Greece politics played a big part in many aspects of history for the two countries. In both Greece city-states there is a lot of emphasis on the politics and the rule.
There are plenty of interesting things about the government in Greece and Rome that people don’t always realize. For example Romeos first kind of government after Rome was founded was a monarchy then evolved to a democracy and then to a dictatorship. The Roman monarchy was the time after Rome was founded. During this time Rome observed what was happening in other countries and how they were becoming corrupt and be taken over so they ended the monarch and transitioned into a democracy. The Roman democracy or Republic of Rome was a period in Romeos history that lasted about 400 years.
This democracy was actually a democracy plus an oligarchy plus a monarchy(Gill, 2012). The republic was the time of peace in Rome when there wasn’t much war or anything like that. The dictatorship of Rome was the period of Romeos history everyone knows best. The Roman dictatorship was also the Roman Empire. The reason everyone knows this period of time best was because it was the time of war in Rome. But in Greece every city-state had there own government. For example Sparta had a monarchy and Athens had a democracy. With that large emphasis politics were very important so people put a lot onto them.
Just like in Rome citizens were allowed to vote and everyone except slaves were citizens including slaves. But in Greece especially Athens citizens were allowed to vote Just like in Rome except women were not seen as citizens so they didn’t have a say. Part of the reason the Roman Empire fell was because of their expanding. As the Romans got bigger they didn’t realize that they were running out of Rome to take and since they get their money from conquered countries as they ran out of countries to conquer the Romans weren’t able to pay their army.
So if you have no army you have o law enforcement and no one to protect your borders. So because of the expanding of the Roman Empire it became too large and fell. There are only three out of many the differences between Greece and Rome. Like Rome and Greece both had their own armies but the only Polis that had there own professional army was Sparta, another example is how the Romans were banned together not Just with the societies they conquered but with each other as well, Rome and Greece also had different types of government.