Role of Nurse Educators
Nurse educators incorporate clinical skills together with passion for entering into richly rewarding careers. The nursing professionals usually have their working place within the classroom and the practice setting, and are charged with the responsibility of preparing and mentoring students or nurses. They offer a very significant role of strengthening the nursing profession, while at the same time acting as role models as well as offering leadership required to implement practice that is evidence based. The different physical environments and atmosphere of the setting
The educators are equally charged with responsibility of designing, implementing, evaluating as well as revising academic and continuous programs for nurses. This paper discusses the various roles played by educators in staff development. Home health care has and still is a rapidly growing and transforming specialty. The industry since the late 80s has undergone drastic transformation within its scope as well as complexity of services delivered from its oriental tools, with the fundamental forces being social and political.
The social factors are those like; and arguing population, frail elderly, and the increasing number of women who go to work outside their homes among others. While the political factors are those like; health care entitlement programs as well as prospective
In view of the entire wide ranging changes clinical repertories to entail the skills of higher level as well as knowledge of social worker to be effective in their work (Terasa A et al 1998). With respect to this the ideal nurses in home care should have the quantities mentioned above as well as the proficiency in medical- surgical as well as critical care skills, have excellent communication skills and be able to practice independently, self-directed as well as computer literate. In addition to this the nurses should have strong decision-making skills and be able to practice independently, self-directed as well as computer literate.
In addition to this the nurses should have strong decision-making skills, social driving skills as well as a through understanding and knowledge of workplace environment, reimbursement and community resources and the ability to manage the situations that physically, psychologically complex and environmental needs of the nurse as well as individual patients across the races, ages, level of education as well as socio-economic and religious status (Susan B, 2002). Despite the fact that many changes as well as measures have been taken within this sector to meet these needs.
Perceptions still exist to prove the contrary. There still exists the perception that has care nurses are low tech, dull as well a low on stress. Thus, offering an outcome focused as well as orientation experience for staff who are considered novices in line with home care specially remains such as great challenge to the educators as well as great challenge to the educators as well as home care agencies. The roles of nurse educators in staff development go beyond those of first being an educator.
Truth the nursing staff development indicator role, there are numerous roles that are inherent, particularly for those who are in management positions. The nurse educators have to be in a position to carry out management, research, budgetary as well as consultant functions. The extent to which the educator is involved in carrying out his or her roles varies a great deal with respect to the vision/mission, philosophy as well as goals of health care agency. The size of the organization will also influence the duties as well as the responsibilities of the educators (Together with the members of staff and personnel).
In spite of all these needs the basic focus of staff development, should still be that of meeting educational requirements of the nursing staff due to its effect and significance in health care delivery within any home setting. Nurse educator requirements in a particular setting and a list of roles and responsibilities for the nurse educator Some of the basic requirements that a nurse educator needs are that of excellent communication skills being creative, posses a firm clinical background. He or she should also be flexible as well as have excellent critical thinking skills.
Additionally, they may also posses a substantive knowledge foundation in them respective area (s) of instruction or study as well as have the art of impart that knowledge in variety of ways to the less expert in the field. The educators need to demonstrate a strong commitment to long-term learning, put into practice leadership and at the same level feel concerned with the academic progress of the discipline. In addition to this the nurse educators need posses a commanding knowledge foundation in theories of teaching, learning as well as evolution.
In effect the nurse educators should be able to design curricula and such programs that exhibit sound principles of education; they too should be able to evaluate staff needs, be immunization while at the same time be personate about teaching. In the setting of staff organization which normally is a practice base, the educators need to anticipate variations as well as expectations in order to design programs to have their staff prepared to attain and comfort the challenges.
As such they need to be capable of designing and plan educational programs for staff with different levels of ability, develop as well as manage budgets and burgains for resources and assist in a surrounding where education is not considered or primary mission. The aim of staff development encompasses the improvement on both quality and quantity offered to clients and the enhancement of participants’ quality of life. Overall, nurses educators who offer successful staff development programs underscore the value and apply the art and laws of learning and the tenets of adult education.
The members of staff being adult learners are usually and conventionally self-directing and needs, developing aims as well as evaluating their own individual learning. The staff members too have a range of experience on which lie the foundation to build new learning, as such they are seeking experiential education techniques, which can let them to share their skills and knowledge. They require educational programs that which are problem accused and as such they can employ in their work or life roles. In effect nurse educators within the staff development programs are facilitators of learning.
The facilitating role is increased when the nurse educator has particular attributes like openness, spontaneity as well as flexibility. Develops, coordinates and evaluates programs to meet regulatory requirements and organizational, departmental and discipline specific needs. Job description for the nurse educator The educator will be able to Design, develop, as well as coordinate processes for continuing professional education for staff. He or she will liaise with consultants to develop special projects that relate to professional education, development as well as learning.
The educator should also Communicate and market education programs to an audience (broad target) with appropriate methods, and centered on identified/assessed needs. Reacts to corporate as well as industry changes in nursing practice and professional education and offers essential training, education and development that improves organizational performance. Challenges! Adult learning process is generally viewed as taking place in environment where the educator has removed or rather reduced barriers aim obstacles to learning as well as enhancing the process in its course.
It is however, not achieved through the teacher initiating the process and motivating the learning process (Susan B. 2002). The nurse educator should as a matter of fact not limit the learning process to information that is targeted but as well make achievable the opportunity informal unintended learning, which can occur on a daily basis with each staff member (Ridman, 1975) However, there are numerous challenges like organizational, environmental, educational, as well as other factors like clientele; 1. n sufficient time to teach It is normally; viewed by nurses that the amount of time available is not enough to enable them deliver. The finding time to spare to teaching is often in competition with such other factors like work demands and expectations. In effect nurse educators have to learn and know how to adopt a shortened efficient, as well as an expedition approach to staff education by initially assessing the learner followed through by employing an appropriate instructional procedure as well as tools within their reach.
In view of this discharge planning would be very essential in ensuring continuity within the setting of staff education. 2. Most of the nurses are often, very ill prepared traditionally, to teach. Even though the nurses educators content, as well as learning principles have been ignored, water down, or glossed over. 3. Not until recently, not much priority was occurred to staff education by both the administration as well as supervisory personnel. This means that it is not the considered budgetary allocations.
The allocations have been meager and in most cases interfere with the adoption as well as time saving techniques and strategies. 4. The unavailability of space as well as privacy in the staff environmental setting where the nurse educators are expected to teach while the staff members are required to be attending to patients is usually not very conducive for learning. Most of the seasons are normally interrupted by noises and other factors like treatment among many others.
These factors often, impact negatively on the concentration level as well as effective interaction. As health educators, the nurses must also recognize and understand the degree of intimacies to which social as well as Hereditary – linked differences between the makes and females impact on health seeking behaviours as well as health needs. Due to the gender differences, it is important for the educators to have a better understanding of the intellectual functioning as well as personality differences that influence women’s and learning.
This should be extended to how they learn, when they do learn, their various interests as well as the things they are adopt at learning (Susan B 2002). Due to the multiethnic nature of the United States it is often a difficult task for nurses to provide better and satisfactory health care services, as such the nurse educators as the designers and implementers of curriculum should incorporate such cultural. Perspectives within the curriculum programs need to be reviewed in order to break down such barriers as cultural within the health care and staff education in particular (Kelly & Fitz Simmons 2000).
This would entail and innovative program that incorporates social values that appreciate and understand the diverse lifestyle as well as acknowledge the multiracial as well as the multicultural aspects of the society. Work products or practice tools that are appropriate for the setting. The various tools that the educator could use in the setting include; evidenced based online learning tool. This would ensure efficiency as the staff members can afford to learn all the time. The educator could also use systematic reviews which essentially act as academic as well as clinical purposes.
The educator can also apply the concept mapping tool where he or she would link the theories (concepts) and real life practices. The tools could be: computer managed resources, lecture notes, manuals, seminars, evidence-based strategy, concept mapping. Legal and Ethical issues The has been a growing concern within the United States that curriculum of ethics as concerns nursing education programs, has traditionally adopted the medical model approach, while ignoring such issues raised by state, accountability to conscience, patients and their profession.
The question has always been how much the nurses are involved in the ethical decision-making process. The legal system concerns such issues as negligence by the staff when carrying out their nursing duties, as well as malpractice, the standards of health care that the nurses are supposed to meet. The educators also need o take into consideration which issues like insurance, the laws and regulation of practice within the nursing profession as well as the staff members absconding or refusing to carry out their nursing duties.
The other section where the nurse educators need to put emphasis when dealing with staff development are the issues related to patient health care liability as entails communication of confidential information regarding the patient’s personality and other related information regarding the patient’s personality and other related information on his or her health status as well as other various records, the nurses staff also need to be educated on the patients informed pain control, how to handle patients in abusive situation, how the staff would impart knowledge through patients teaching to the various patients within their home care.
The ANA code of ethics was first established in 1950 with the main aim of offering ethical guidance and laying down a standard of performance for nurses in their duties as health practioners. Ethical issues particular to different settings and roles as was enacted in the ANA code has recently been modified to cater for the various dynamic changes within the society in terms of the multi-ethical and multiracial culture as well as the on going development of nursing gas a profession within health care.
These code of ethics as provided for offer a professional resource and guide to the role as well as the various responsibilities related to nursing practition. As such the nurse educators have a responsibility to ethically as well as safely practice within the society. These codes of ethics often take into account that the practice of nursing has actually evolved with numerous changes and as such the present day nurses take responsibility for more than first the patients. The guidance resource is provided for by the code of ethics as well as be able to interpret the various statements within it.
Albeit of there code provides enough guidance certain scenarios many arise where the use of the code of ethics is limited and the educators must the staff members be familiar with these so that they make delusions that are ethically accepted within the society while taking care of patients. The nurse educators must ensure that the staff members stay knowledgeable as well as abreast of the various literature and alterations within ethical issues as well as legal issues; so as to take appropriate actions and decisions in certain difficult situations.
The nurses must also understand such ethical issues like veracity, fidelity, nonmaleficence, beneficence, autonomy among others. Nurse educators play a very pivotal role in preparing a nursing workforce and thus, considered a key resource in developing staff that will offer quality care to meet the ever changing and increasing health needs within any given population. Generally they practice in both academic and clinical settings and as such must be very competent clinicians. Albert being as good clinical is very essential; it is however, not enough for a nursing educator role.
Inspite of the kind of setting where the nurse educator is located, there is a base of setting where the nurse educator is located, there is very necessary if the educator is to be effective and to achieve excellence in his or her role. This foundation of knowledge and skills encompasses the ability of the nurse educator to facilitate learning, advance staff & learners; design befitting learning experiences as well as evaluate the outcomes of the learning process. These code of ethics as provided for offer a professional resource and guide to the role as well as the various responsibilities related to nursing pratiction.
As such the nurse educators have a responsibility to ethically as well as safety practice within the society. These code of ethics often take into account that the practice of nursing has actually evolved with numerous changes and as such the present day nurses take responsibility for more that just the patients. The guidance resource is provided for by the code of ethics and as such it is the duty of the nurses educators to ensure the staff members learn and understand the previsions of the code of ethics as well as be able to interpret the various statements within it.
Albeit of there code provides enough guidance. Certain scenarios many arise where the use of the code of ethics is limited the educators must let ethics is limited and the educators must let the staff members be familiar with these so that they make decisions that are ethically accepted within the society while taking care of patients. The nurse educators must ensure that the staff members stay knowledgeable as well as abreast of the various literature and alterations within ethical issues as well as legal issue; so as to take appropriate actions and decisions in certain difficult situations.
The nurses must also understand such ethical issues like veracity, fidelity, nonmalefence, Beneficence, autonomy among others. In spite of the kind of setting where the nurse educator is located, there is a base of knowledge as well as skills that is very necessary if the educator is to effective and to achieve excellence in his or her role. This foundation of knowledge and skills encompasses the ability of the nurse educator to facilitate learning, advance the entire professional and development socialization of the staff & learning experiences as well as evaluate the outcomes of the learning process.