Puri Pattachitra Essay
PURI PATTACHITRA Presented By: Tarun INTRODUCTION ? Pattachitra is a Ritualistic Textile of India. ? It is a scroll, hand painted textile. ? The word Pattachitra originated from a Sanskrit word. Patta means “a piece of cloth” or “a piece of palm leaf (talapatra)” and Chitra meaning “picture”. ? They cut the palm leaf into stripes and stitched together with fine needle. ? This tradition is linked with worship of lord Jagannath. A scene from Ramayana Pattachitra of Lord Jagannath INTRODUCTION CONT…… ? These paintings are executed by traditional caste known as “CHITRAKARS” ,who have been painting murals on temple walls. Raghurajpur and Dandasahi are the villages involved in producing these paintings . ? Chandanpur is the place where these paintings are sold. ? The Origin is linked with famous Jagannath temple of Puri which was built by Choda-GangaDeva. ? These Paintings were traditionally done only by males. I ? God Jagannath of Puri with brother Balabhadra and sister Subhadra CRAFT PEOPLE SKILLED SEMI SKILLED UNSKILLED INHERITED SKILLS ATTAINED SKILLS Patta Tamarind seeds Raw Materials Used Chalk powder ? Patta – a piece of cloth or a piece of palm leaf ? Tamarind Seeds ? Chalk Powder ? Gheru is used for temporary marking(can get washed away) ?
Gum resin ? Brushes are made of the hair of domestic animals ? Organic or natural colors. Gheru powder Gum resin Organic Colours Colours Natural ingredients: Blackened Wick ? Vermilion – Bingol stone ? A brick red –Geru ? Yellow – Baritali ? Black – lamp black ? Indigo – Haritala ? White – Conch shell Indigo Flex Conch About Painting ? Mineral Based Colours are used (adhesives are added) ? Temporary Colours, not to be washed. ? It is a very Tedious process. Tools Used 😕 Coconut shells are used as containers. ? Brushes are locally made. ? Grinding Stones to make powders from rocks for colors.
Coconut Shells as containers Grinding Stone Preparation Of Patta Preparation Of Pigments Motif Selection Painting Process ? Crushing of tamarind seeds. ? Tamarind paste (acts as antiseptic) ? Application of paste on first layer of the fabric. ? Application of paste on the second layer of fabric. ? Patta left for drying. ? Polishing of Patta. ? Ready for painting. Time consumed: ? Average painting takes a week whereas more intricate ones take a month’s time. The Ancient technique ? Palm leaf engraving, talpatra or dried palm leaves are used. ? They are cut into strips and stitched together with a fine needle. The complete etching is then rubbed over with leaves and black paint. ? In this it is believed, nature merges with the divine. Why Pattachitra?? ? Life in Puri revolves around the temple of lord Jaganath-art of Jaganath cult. (“Lord of the World”). ? One of the massive festivals known as Devasnana Purnima where chitrakara plays a major role. ? During which in a grand procession a ceremonial bath is given to the deities by pouring water on the images. ? Thereafter they fall sick and kept away from public view for 15days. Snana-Purnima Ceremony ? This is where Chitrakaras majorly come into action. Chitrakaras paints the substitute icons, called Anasara Pati. ? The making of which begins on Akshaya Thritiya. ? The canvas come from the temple, pujas are performed and once completed Anasara Payi is rolled and tied with the black cloth. ? Pati is now carried by Chitrakara in a ceremonial procession. ? Other major festival is the Rath Yatra. ? The Chitrakaras engage themselves in painting of walls of various temples and mathas. Chitrakars Rath Yatra What makes the art stand by itself? ?The extraordinary system of line formation. ?The fantastic pictorial concepts. ?The idiosyncratic conventions. The vibrant use of colors. Themes ? Jaganath and the triad of deities. ? Episodes from the Hindu epics. ? Themes related to the worship of various gods and goddesses. ? Themes for folklore. ? Erotic themes. ? Buddha Vijay and Kanchi Vijaya . Favorable Seasons ?Mainly done in Summers and Winters. ?Avoidable in rainy season. ?Need major drying of fabric before painting. Iconographic details ? The use of blue for Krishna’s body. ? The use of white for Balarama’s body. ? The use of yellow for Radha’s body and other Gopis bodies. ? The use of dark green for Rama’s body. ? The light green used for bad characters.
Common Characteristics of Pata Paintings ? The use of Red as background color. ? A standard color palette: red, blue, green, white, pink, black and yellow. ? A particular style of drawing faces in which noses are extended , chins just out and eyes are elongated. ? The drawing of faces in profile. ? Drawing of fine details in clothing. Importance ?It is the custom of every pilgrim returning from Puri to carry one of these pictures and few grains of the dried cooked rice – the Mahaprasada. Product Range ? Pattachitra paintings have been adapted to create-Wall hangings, Bookmark, Greeting cards, Ganjifas, Calendars, etc. Today paintings are made on Tussar silk. ? It has incarnation of Vishnu, flowers and plants, geometrical and animal printed. ? Exotic home decor products-bright and enhancing rich look. Invitation cards Wall hangings Bookmarks Present Scenario ?After centuries of experimentation, today the heritage of Indian painting stands distinctly unique in the aura of global painting tradition. ?It is religion folk art that has crossed national boundaries to reach the International market. Bibliography ?Traditional Indian Textiles by John Gillow ? Reference notes given in class sessions.