Public Health Emergency Preparedness

Biological Agents: Category A
High-priority agents include organisms that pose a risk to national security because they:
– can be easily disseminated or transmitted from person to person;
– result in high mortality rates and have the potential for major public health impact;
– might cause public panic and social disruption; and
– require special action for public health preparedness.
• Anthrax
• Botulism
• Plague
• Smallpox
• Tularemia
• Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
Biological Agents: Category B
Second highest priority agents include those that:
– are moderately easy to disseminate;
– result in moderate morbidity rates and low
mortality rates; and
– require specific enhancements of CDC’s diagnostic capacity and enhanced disease surveillance.
Biological Agents: Category C
Third highest priority agents include emerging pathogens that could be engineered for mass dissemination in the future because of:
– availability;
– ease of production and dissemination; and
– potential for high morbidity and mortality rates and major health impact.
List and describe at least 5 types of public health emergencies and disasters
• Chemical Threats – Nerve Agents
– Cyanide
– Ricin
• Radiation
– Radiological dispersal
devices (RDDs)
– Nuclear Power Plants

• Natural Disasters – Hurricane
– Heat Wave
– Blizzards
– Beach / Water Safety
• Mass Casualty Incidents

Pandemic Flu: Another Public Health Threat
– Rapid vaccine development
– Stockpile of antivirals antibiotics
– Hospital capacity and equipment
– Community containment
– How do we allocate scarce resources?
New York’s Response to the World Trade Center Attacks (September 11, 2011)
• Communication among response agencies
• Emergency management center damaged
• Air was contaminated for months after
• Monitored food and drinking water
• Monitor emergency rooms for patients with unusual symptoms
• Address psychological distress
• Victim location services
Public Health Involvement in Hurricane Katrina
• Adequacy of warnings issued by mayor and governor
• Clarity of warnings
• Shelter (pre- and post-storm)
• Vulnerable citizens
• FEMA budget and structure
• Victim location services
• Hospital capacity
• Psychological Trauma
US Centers for Disease Control’s Coordination of Emergency Response to
Public Health Threats
• Coordination
• Communication
• Redundancy
• Strong leadership – Incident Command System
• Successful collaboration
• Adequate funding
• Standardization of processes – National Incident Management System
Disaster Preparedness
• Wild Land Fires
• Earthquakes
• Pandemic Influenza
• Tsunami • Flooding • Terrorism
Public health involvement includes: – evacuation;
– evacuation;
– medical care;
– assurance of safe air, water, and food; elimination of injury hazards.
Guide to Public Health Management of Disasters
The Practice Guide:
1. Share Information
2. Resource Management
3. Issue Warnings
4. Unambiguous and Consistent Warnings
5. Coordinate Search and Rescue Missions
6. Warn about Health Risks Post-disaster
7. Establish Triage by Trained Personnel
8. Casualty Distribution
9. Track Patients and Survivors
10. Provide Multiple Levels of Care
11. Manage Volunteers and Donations 12. Expect the Unexpected

Get access to
knowledge base

MOney Back
Guarantee
No Hidden
Charges
Unlimited
Knowledge base
Become a Member