the study of the communicative aspect of space
0-18 inches. reserved for intimate interaction and private conversations
18 inches-4 feet. used for casual, friendly interaction.
4-12 feet. used for business transactions and consultation. also social functions.
12 feet or more
area controlled by an individual, family or other face to face collectively with the emphasis on physical possession as well as defense
standford lyman and Marvin scotts 4 types of territory
territories we share with others
areas owned and controlled by individuals
the most private territory
action taken before encroachment occurs- use markers, offensive display and tenure
if prevention does not work-can be positive or negative
portable territory that we carry with us wherever we go
when ones personal space needs are violated