Project Management Structures

Functional Organization Advantages
No Structural change, flexibility, in-depth expertise, easy post-project transition
Functional Organziation
different segments of a project are delegated to respective functional units
Functional Organization Disadvantages
Lack of focus, poor integration, slow, lack of ownership
(Project) Dedicated Teams Advantages
simple, fast, cohesive, cross-functional integration
(Project) Dedicated Teams Disadvantages
expensive, internal strife, limited technological expertise, difficult post-project transition
Matrix Structure
hybrid structure with 2 chains of command (functional & project), participants report to both simultaneously
Matrix Structure Advantages
efficient, strong project focus, easier post-project transition, flexible
Matrix Structure Disadvantages
Dysfunctional conflict, infighting, stressful, slow
Matrix Structure: Weak Form
functional manager predominates, project manager has indirect authority
Matrix Structure: Balanced Form
project manager sets overall plan, functional manager determines how work is to be done
Matrix Structure: Strong Form
project manager has broader control, functional manager act as subcontractors
Factors that influence project management structure
size of project, strategic importance, need for innovation, need for integration, environmental complexity, budget, time, resources
Organizational Structure
a system of shared norms, beliefs, values, and assumptions which bind people together, thereby creating shared meanings
Key dimensions defining an organizations culture
1. Member identity 2. team emphasis 3. management focus 4. unit integration 5. control 6. risk tolerance 7. reward criteria

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