These Issues attracted diverse supporters who were not always In agreement with each other. 3. The need for people to take action- reformers call for social activism. People needed to get out, work for and demand reform from government and other agencies. Some protestant form leaders became agents of social reform through the social gospel movement working to aid the urban poor. 4. Optimistic mood- progressives believed that something new and hopeful was being created. 5.
Belief in science and government- although they rejected party politics, regressive believed that science and technology could be used to solve problems and government must provide the leadership. 6. Belief in capitalism- progressives supported the sabbaticals system and rejected radical socialist reforms. 7. Desire to expose evils- the public must be given information on corruption and abuse so they can act accordingly. 8. Relatively prosperous economy- the recovery after the panic of 1 893 led the rising middle class to express their concerns 9.
New generation of politicians- politicians such as Informative teddy Roosevelt, Wilson and Brandeis all name of age with Industrialism began to take prominence. 10. Increasing role for women in politics- the conditions of labor education child welfare and consumerism attracted large numbers of middle class women to reform efforts. Women suffrage was a major goal (the right to vote). 11. Spread from city level to state & national levels- reforms spread from city level to at and national level. Local reform efforts at the city level spread to include state reform action and national reform efforts re People OF the Progressive Era
Muckrakers – Journalist during the Progressive Era writing to expose the poor, health issues, and child labor laws during this time. Jacob Iris- A Danish American social reformer, journalist and social documentary photographer. He is known for using his photographic and Journalistic talents to help the impoverished in New York City. Ida Wells- An African-American Journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist and, with her husband, newspaper owner Ferdinand L. Barnett, an early leader in the civil rights movement.
Frank Norris- an American novelist, during the Progressive Era, writing predominantly in the naturalist genre. His notable works include Macerate, The Octopus: A Story of California, and The Pit. Ida Darrell- an American teacher, author and Journalist. She was one of the leading “muckrakers” of the progressive era. Lincoln Stefan- a New York reporter who launched a series of articles in 1 OFF Cities. Upton Sinclair-an American author who wrote close to one hundred books in many genres. He achieved popularity in the first half of the twentieth century, acquiring particular fame for his classic muckraking novel, The Jungle.
Jane Addams- a pioneer settlement social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women’s suffrage and world peace. In an era when presidents such as Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson identified themselves as reformers and social activists, Addams was one of the most prominent reformers of the Progressive Era. Susan B Anthony- an American social reformer who played a pivotal role in the women’s suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, he collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17.
In 1856 she became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society. Margaret Ganger- an American birth control activist, sex educator, and nurse. Ganger popularized the term birth control, opened the first birth control clinic in the United States, and established organizations that evolved into the Planned Parenthood Federation of America. Progressive Era Amendments 16th- Allows congress to levy an income tax without regard to the state or census 17th- Direct election 18th- Prohibition 9th- Women’s right to vote The Wisconsin Idea 1 .
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