Predicting the Shape of Molecules with a Central Atom

Ligand
atom or group of atoms bonded to the central atom

2 electron groups

2 ligands

linear

3 electron groups

2 ligands

bent

4 electron groups

2 ligands

bent

5 electron groups

2 ligands

linear

3 electron groups

3 ligands

trigonal planar

4 electron groups

3 ligands

trigonal pyramidal

5 electron groups

3 ligands

T-shaped

4 electron groups

4 ligands

tetrahedral

5 electron groups

4 ligands

sawhorse

6 electron groups

4 ligands

square planar

5 electron groups

5 ligands

trigonal bipyramidal

6 electron groups

6 ligands

octahedral

6 electron groups

5 ligands

square pyramidal

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