Philosophy – Artificial Intelligence

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Alan Turing
lead to computer sciences by breaking impossible Nazi Code
“Think Different” – machines are capable of thinking, probably thinking differently, but are still performing the same as us

The Turing Test
used same tests as Descartes
would have humans make conversation with a machine and see if the machine would win (speak like a human)

Moore’s Law
computers double their complexity every 18 months
still reproducing at this rate today

Completely Automated Public Turing test (to tell) Computers (and) Humans Apart
security check before Ticketmaster
computers have started to understand

Who created Turing Test?
Alan Turing

Who created Chinese Room Argument?
John Searle

Chinese Room Arugment
points out flaw in Turing Test – it is possible to pass without understanding what is said or heard
book of answers which says response to each statement, just have to look at programming to answer instead of think
but does not solve the issue of understanding

Machine Learning
rather than write the program, give examples and allow the machines to come to the conclusion themselves

Which machine played chess in documentary?
Deep Blue

Which machine went on jeopardy, made a movie trailer, and created new recipes?
IBM Watson

Weak (Cautious) AI:
the principle value of the computer in the study of the mind is that it gives us a very powerful tool
enables us to formulate and test hypothesis in a more rigorous fashion

Strong AI:
the computer is not merely a tool in the study of the mind, given the right program computers can be literally said to understand and have other cognitive states. the appropriately programmed computer is a mind

Locke’s epistemology
simple and complex ideas, sensations and ability to reject on them

Who created the Revised Turing Test?
Gary Marcus

What is the Revised Turing Test?
updated for the 21st century
build a computer program that can watch any arbitrary TV program/youtube video and answer questions about its content
questions focus on when we should laugh/cry or explain why something occurred

Who is the Lovelace Test named after?
Ada Lovelace
argued that until a machine creates an idea it wasn’t designed to, it can’t be considered intelligent in the same way humans are

Lovelace Test
a machine can only pass if it originates a “program” it was not engineered to produce
cannot be hardware fluke, must be result of processes the article agent can produce
agent’s designers cannot be able to explain the original code that led to new program

What is found with the Lovelace Test?

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