PE Quizzes 1,2,3,5,7

The percentage of youth who are overweight has more than tripled in the last 30 years
True

When students accept responsibility for participating in regular activity, fitness becomes an authentic learning experience that may last a lifetime.
True

Locomotor, nonlocomotor, and manipulative skills are all fundamental motor skills.
True

When about one-third of the American men drafted in World War I were rejected as physically unfit for military service, the result was a new demand for physical education in American schools
True

Content standards are the framework of a program; they offer focus, direction, and continuity to instruction.
True

Movement education:
is based on problem solving and exploration

Tasks that require hand-eye and foot-eye coordination are called “manipulative skills.”
True

Physical education is the only place in the total school curriculum where instruction is focused on teaching motor skills.
True

Physical education is the only area of the school curriculum that is designed to develop children toward an active lifestyle.
True

Physical education is an instructional program that gives attention to all learning domains: psychomotor, cognitive, and affective.
True

A portion of the physical education class period should be allotted to students’ learning and experiencing fitness.
True

Value and attitude development are developed through the cognitive domain.
False

The elementary school years are an excellent time to teach motor skills because children have the time and predisposition to learn.
True

PL 94-142 mandates that a child with a disability must be educated in the least restrictive environment and that an Individualized Education Program must be prepared for each student with a disability.
True

“Back-to-Basics” schools were designed as a response to the increase in special programs like the arts and physical education.
False

Federal mandates that have affected physical education include Title IX and:
PL 94-142

Appropriate physical fitness instruction includes all of the following EXCEPT:
focusing on the product of fitness, such as how many repetitions, how fast, or how far

Movement education offers an opportunity for diversity of movement through creative instructional methods and allows students of all ability levels to succeed.
True

Most students receive physical education instruction daily throughout the academic year.
False

Perceptual-motor programs were developed out of concern for:
Slower academic learners

Physical education content standards can be accomplished in many areas of a school curriculum.
False

The Kraus-Weber assessment of 1954 compared American and European children on the basis of:
Physical fitness score

Quality physical education programs make competition the core of the program
False

Stretching, twisting, and turning are best described as:
Nonlocomotor skills

Balancing and twisting are examples of locomotor skills.
False

Children exercising at a certain workload perceive the activity to be more intense than do adults working at a similar level.
False

In a typical classroom of youngsters, the variation in skeletal maturity is:
5-6 years

How many minutes before strenuous activity should a child be hydrated?
20-30 minutes

Overweight children are less proficient at performing motor skills.
True

Although each child’s timing is unique, children do follow a general growth pattern.
True

Children appear to adjust to heat more quickly than adults.
False

Youngsters demonstrate a slow recovery rate after strenuous exercise.
False

The most rapid period of growth in children occurs from:
Birth to 5 years of age

Physical maturity is usually measured by comparing chronological age with skeletal age.
True

All of the following are reasons children should be allowed to play all positions during youth sports except
It keeps the focus on winning

Offering a wide spectrum of developmentally appropriate activities helps ensure that youngsters will be successful regardless of their maturity.
True

Overweight children find strength related tasks difficult because:
Of the relationship of their body size to weight

Physical educators should never offer advice to parents and community leaders regarding sport activity programs.
False

Motor development for boys and girls is the same.
False

Effective physical education programs offer activities that are developmentally appropriate and suited to students’ maturity levels.
True

Which body type is identified as being extremely thin, with a minimum of muscle development?
The ectomorph

The mesomorphic child is characterized:
The predominance of muscle and bone

Lack of efficient movement causes youngsters to generate more metabolic heat than adults.
True

Children who feel incompetent in performing physical skills will usually:
Drop out of physical education if possible

Because the rate of growth slows during the elementary school years, this is an excellent window of time for learning motor skills.
True

Children do not have the capacity to cool their body the way adults can.
True

The best criterion to use in determining exercise workloads for children is:
Time

A child’s somatotype affects the quality of his or her motor performance.
True

The physical activity and fitness part of a lesson is designed to teach youngsters the type and amount of activity necessary to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
True

A stable base is necessary when a person applies force to a projectile or absorbs force.
True

A characteristic of introductory activities is that they engage in immediate activity when they enter the gym.
True

Which of the following reflects balance and equilibrium?
Stability

Gross motor movements such as running, skipping, and galloping are learned before the acquisition of fine motor skills such as catching, hitting a pitched ball, and jumping for distance.
True

When using cooperative learning style students are:
Given the opportunity to work with each other regularly

An acceptable alternative for limited equipment is to teach using partner or reciprocal grouping.
True

Usually the most effective method of distributing individual equipment such as jump ropes, beanbags, and hoops is to:
Place it around the perimeter of the teaching area

Using different teaching style often improves the environment for students and teachers.
True

Skill progression involves moving the learning process through ordered steps from the least challenging to the most challenging.
True

The type of feedback that is internal and travels through the senses is:
Intrinsic feedback

The continuum of teaching styles ranges from:
Direct teaching to free exploration

One of the first steps to take when planning for instruction is to decide on the teaching styles that will be most effective for each skill.
True

Development of motor learning skills progresses from all of the following EXCEPT:
The legs to the arms

Free exploration is the most child-centered style of teaching.
True

Which of the following is NOT a variable that must be considered when selecting an appropriate teaching style?
The ratios of boys to girls

High anxiety results in a decrease in motor performance.
True

Effective teachers use more than one teaching style, even during one lesson.
True

Alternatives to limited equipment include:
Adapting the teaching style to partner or peer-review approaches

Playing a game that uses skills developed in the lesson focus is an example of:
The closing activiy

The type of feedback that should be used most is:
Positive

Which of the following phrases best represents a positive way to make instructional feedback during a lesson?
Keep yourself curled when you go through the forward roll sequence

Much of the feedback delivered by teachers is corrective in nature, with a focus on improving student performance.
True

The recommended ratio of positive to corrective feedback is
4 to 1

Effective instruction includes all of the following EXCEPT:
combining management and instructional episodes

Meaningful feedback helps students learn when skills are performed correctly or need refinement.
True

Research indicates that teachers treat boys and girls equally in the classroom.
False

Which of the following is the best example of positive feedback with value content?
“Excellent catch. You bent your elbows while catching, which created a soft home for the ball.”

Adding specific information or value to feedback:
Improves the desired student behavior

Anticipatory set is a technique designed to focus students on an upcoming instructional concept.
True

Keywords that quickly and efficiently communicate proper technique and performance of skills and movement tasks are referred to as:
Instructional cues

Limit discussion in the activity area to 30 seconds as much as possible.
True

Which of the following is not effective for teaching and valuing diversity?
None of the above

Feedback should not be:
Delayed

Nonverbal feedback is effective because:
It is easily interpreted by students

When moving around the teaching area, it is important to remember that having an unpredictable teaching location ensures contact and proximity with all students in the class.
True

When communicating with a learner teachers should:
Speak about specific behavior

The customs and morals of different cultures impact the response of youngsters to different types of nonverbal gestures.
True

An important step in determining the proper instructional entry level is to formulate a desired terminal outcome.
True

Teachers should practice nonverbal feedback in order to make it convincing.
True

Students will automatically accept a student with differing needs.
False

PL 94-142 prohibits segregation of children with special needs.
False

PL94-142 states that schools must locate, identify, and evaluate all students who might have a disability.
True

Which of the following should NOT be considered when formulating modifications for students?
Does the change cause an undue burden on the teacher?

IEP’s
a. must contain a statement of annual goals and short-term instructional objectives.

An IEP contains all of the following except
future status of the child’s level of educational performance

The responsibility of a school system does NOT include providing a quality education for all students.
False

With regard to IEP, due process serves to:
protect the rights of all parties involved.

Physical education is the only content area specifically mentioned in PL 94-142.
True

Federal law requires the identification and evaluation of all children with disabilities.
True

Inclusion refers to educating students with and without disabilities in a regular education setting.
True

Least restrictive environment means:
not all individuals can do all of the same activities in the same environment.

PL 94-142 does NOT include children in private care facilities.
False

All students, regardless of ability levels, must have access to physical education.
True

PL 94-142 requires that all children with disabilities receive a free and appropriate education in the least restrictive environment from:
Age 3-21

Federal law states that an Individualized Education Program (IEP) must be written for every child receiving special education and related services.
True

Screening is a process that involves all students in a school setting and is part of the “child find” process.
True

The assessment and evaluation procedures associated with determining placement for the child with unique needs are administered by:
A multidisciplinary team

Least restrictive environment:
Is the same for all lesson

“Accurately measuring what it purports to measure” is the definition of:
Valdity

“Michelle, that’s the way to keep your head tucked” is an example of:
specific feedback

Written tests are often administered in physical education to check the cognitive learning that has accompanied physical skill learning.
True

The practice of evaluating the execution of a specific movement, rather than the outcome of the skill performed, is referred to as:
a process of learning outcome.

How many times without a miss describes:
product outcomes.

An effective way to evaluate teacher movement is to divide the area into quadrants and tally the number of times the teacher moves into each quadrant.
True

The purpose of evaluation is to determine whether progress is being made toward specified objectives.
True

Which of the following is an example of effective praise?
Excellent, you tucked your head just right in your forward roll.

The use of first names is important in personalizing feedback and directing it to the proper individual.
True

Giving a thumbs-up sign is an example of:
nonverbal feedback

Management time occurs in all of the following instances EXCEPT when:
the teacher is giving a physical education lesson.

Which of the following are NOT areas of instructional feedback?
time-out

Personal behavior plans include all of the following EXCEPT
being friends with the students

All of the following are effective strategies for grouping students EXCEPT:
student leaders picking teams.

Management and discipline are requisite parts of effective instruction.
True

A delayed punishment is more effective than one delivered immediately after the misbehavior.
False

A regular routine for closing the lesson is important.
True

The principle stating that a highly desirable activity can be used to motivate students to learn an activity that they enjoy to a lesser degree is referenced to as:
the Premack principle

Using a teacher demonstration to prompt an acceptable behavior is an example of:
modeling

The recommended length of a single physical education instructional episode should not exceed:
20-30 seconds

Whistle mixer is an effective technique for getting students into small groups.
True

Discipline is defined as modifying student behavior when it is unacceptable.
True

The most basic and important management skill is being able to start and stop a class.
True

Knowing students’ names:
is an effective management strategy

The amount of time it takes a class to respond when commands or signals are given is referred to as:
“response latency.”

The use of first names is important in personalizing feedback and directing it to the proper individual.
True

Giving a thumbs-up sign is an example of:
nonverbal feedback

Management time occurs in all of the following instances EXCEPT when:
the teacher is giving a physical education lesson.

An efficient way to divide the class into two groups of equal size is to:
have students get toe to toe with a partner

The use of first names is important in personalizing feedback and directing it to the proper individual.
True

A key to the issue of negligence is forseeability.
True

A tort is concerned with the teacher-student relationship.
True

Compared to other subject matter areas physical education is NOT as vulnerable to accidents and potential injuries.
False

Asking students to perform complex skills on the balance beam before they have mastered more fundamental skills can be considered:
A breach of duty

A defense against negligence that attempts to prove that the accident was not caused by teacher negligence is referred to as:
Proximate cause

A legal wrong resulting in direct or indirect injury to another individual is a:
Tort

When monitoring the physical activity environment which of the following should NOT be used:
Grouping students randomly no matter what the activity

Negligence does NOT have to be proven in a court of law.
False

Before negligence can be proved, the failure of the teacher to conform to the required standard of care must be ruled:
The proximate cause of the resulting injury

Sequencing activities in units of instruction through written lesson plans ensures:
Safe instruction

A type of negligence where the injured party can recover damages only if found to be less negligent than the defendant (teacher) is referred to as:
Comparative negligence

Courts are more understanding about mismatched opponents in the physical education setting than in an athletic contest.
False

Perhaps the most important factor in preventing accidents is:
Recognizing potential high-risk situations.

Failure to provide proper spotting for high-risk activities is an act of ommission referred to in legal terms as:
Nonfeasance

Misfeasance is based on a performance of the proper action that is not up to the required standard.
True

Minimizing lawsuits include:
Keep complete records of all accidents

Giving a thumbs-up sign is an example of:
nonverbal feedback

Punishment should be:
consistent and fit the crime.

All physical education teachers should have first aid training.
True

An assumption of risk as applied to physical activities is defined as:
choosing to be part of an activity

Management time occurs in all of the following instances EXCEPT when:
the teacher is giving a physical education lesson.

The use of first names is important in personalizing feedback and directing it to the proper individual.
True

Contributory negligence is a possible defense against a lawsuit involving children less than seven years of age.
False

The legal term most closely related to legal responsibility is:
Liability

Behavior contracts are effective:
for students with severe behavior problems

Giving a thumbs-up sign is an example of:
nonverbal feedback

Waiver forms signed by students and parents do NOT waive the rights of participants.
True

Management time occurs in all of the following instances EXCEPT when:

The use of first names is important in personalizing feedback and directing it to the proper individual.
True

Giving a thumbs-up sign is an example of:

The use of first names is important in personalizing feedback and directing it to the proper individual.
True

Placing equipment in a box or pile is an effective means of distribution.
False

A technique used to observe group behavior at different times during a lesson is:
placheck recording

Stars, points, and certificates of achievement awards are examples of:
token reinforcers

The court uses the conduct of the other teachers as a standard for comparison when determining a reasonable and common standard of behavior.
True

Which of the following factors is NOT a common defense against negligence?
Duty

A defense against negligence that places the cause of injury on forces beyond the control of the teacher or the school is referred to as:
An act of God

Rules are general guidelines for acceptable behavior rather than negative statements telling students what they cannot do.
True

Written tests are often administered in physical education to check the cognitive learning that has accompanied physical skill learning.
True

When improper behavior by the injured party causes the accident, the defense in a liability suit may claim:
Contributory negligence

The practice of evaluating the execution of a specific movement, rather than the outcome of the skill performed, is referred to as:
a process of learning outcome.

The cognitive domain develops feelings, attitudes, and values.
false

Written tests are often administered in physical education to check the cognitive learning that has accompanied physical skill learning.
True

The focus of the cognitive domain for physical education is knowing rules, health information, and safety procedures.
true

Written tests are often administered in physical education to check the cognitive learning that has accompanied physical skill learning.

Planning for articulation of program material throughout elementary, middle, and secondary school programs is:
sequence or vertical articulation

Fun or teacher enjoyment is the major criterion when selecting activities for the curriculum.
false

The elementary school years are a time of experimentation with movement possibilities.
true

Removing something positive can be an effective technique when students misbehave.
True

Placing activities in developmental levels offers activities that are appropriate for all youngsters.
true

A basic requisite to a well-managed class is the ability of the teacher to model behavior desired from the students.
True

Class management is defined as organizing and controlling the affairs of a class.
True

Negative and corrective feedback is effective when delivered to the individual publicly in front of the entire class.
False

The initial step in curriculum design is to
define a philosophy of physical education

Scope of the curriculum refers to
the yearly content

Which environmental factor does NOT affect curriculum development?
the teacher’s interests

Physical education must be largely an instructional program if it is to acquire a full partnership in the child’s overall education.
true

Which is NOT a basic urge of children?
the urge to cooperate

Basic urges of children are affected by hereditary or environmental influences.
true

The curriculum should reflect progression vertically (between developmental levels) and horizontally (within each level and within each activity).
true

Balance in a curriculum ensures that all objectives in the program receive adequate coverage.
true

Explaining rules and regulations of a game as well as strategies to succeed is related to which domain?
cognitive

The support of school administrators has a significant impact on the curriculum
true

A child-centered physical education curriculum supports
children’s natural urges

Which of the following statements is true regarding the use of prompts?
The goal should be to remove the prompt so that behavior is self-motivated.