PE PRAXIS 0091

Dynamic Balance
refers to moving balance activities

Static Balance
refers to balance activities while stationary

Self Actualization
emphasizes matching the curriculum to the interests and motivation of students

Ecological Intergration
emphasizes learning physical education to enable students to participate successfully with groups in the future

Social Responsibility
emphasizes establishing strong interpersonal relationships among students and learning to work together

Responsibility Levels
Irresponsilbility -uncooperative, self-control- cooperative nonparticipation, Invovement-playing cooperatively, self-resposibility- independent participation, caring-helping others participate

Reliability
consistant results, Ex. A test devided into even and odds give some results. 2 tests that test the same material give the same results consistant results among testers in the same info.

Validity
Accurate. The degree to which a study accurately reflects or assesses the specific concepts that the researcher is attempting to measure. Does it measure what its suppose to.

Skeletal Age
is a better indication of maturity than chronological age

Common Teaching Cues
BEEF, FITT, APE, HOPS

Title IX
prohibits discrimination based on gender in education programs and any enitity that recieves federal funds

Whole Method
Skill is first demonstrated and then practiced as a whole, from start to finish. Best used for fast skills

Part Method
parts of the skill are practiced in isolation which is useful for complicated and serial skills and is good for maintaining motivation and focusing on specific elements of the skill

Whole-Part-Whole
Whole skill is practiced and demonstrated before being broken down into the parts to practice the individual elements, then putting the whole skill back together. ex. swimming

Progressive Part Method
“chain method” parts of a skill are practiced individually, in order, before being linked together. ex. triple jump

Blood Lactate
extreme intensity of physical activity overtakes the circulatory system’s ability to remove this from the muscles

NASPE
created standards and assessment guidelines for physical education

Reflective Cycle
knowledge base (gap, to allow learning from other experiences & colleagues)
situation
reflect back on knowledge base
develop a “reflective” plan
implement plan
observe results
continue the cycle until something works

skill related fitness
physical capacities that contribute to performance in a sport or an activity: speed, power, agility, balance, coordination, and reaction time

Health related fitness
Physical capacities that contribute to health: cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition

First 10 min of exercise session
jogging, callisthenics, stretching, sprints

Vector Resolution
the process of breaking a vector into its components.

Swimming Kicks and Strokes
Butterfly- dolphin kick, Backstroke -reverse crawl stroke, Breaststroke – frog like kick, sidestoke- on your side, Dog Paddle – flutter kick, Front Crawl – flutter kick

epiphseal separation
strenuous weight training or resistance training of young children that damage growth plates or growth areas

differentiated instruction
Instruction varied to meet the needs of all students

504 section
requires that information be obtained from a variety of sources in the area of concern, that all data are documented and considered, and that decisions are made by a group of persons knowledge about the student evaluation data and placement options

IDEA
individuals with disabilities in education act

FittnessGram
national fittness test that includes tests for all parts of health; play 60; criterion referenced

The Presidents Challenge
Helps perople of all ages and abilities improve their fitness, physical activity and nutrition habits through a suite of recognition programs to help Americans of all ages live healthier

Pedagogy
the art or profession of teaching

Developmental Readiness
match the skill with the childs level of development

Perceptual Motor Program
Activities involving sensory integration ; Improve balance, spatial awareness, temporal awareness, body and directional awareness

Sports Physiology
the study of the effect of training on the bodies or athletes

Exercise Physiology
The study of changes in cell and organ functions as a result of muscular activity

motor learning
repeated practice of motor control processes, which lead to a change in the ability to produce complex movements

motor development
The development of action and coordination of ones limbs, as well as the development of strength, posture control, balance and perceptual skills

Inertia
(physics) the tendency of a body to maintain is state of rest or uniform motion unless acted upon by an external force

torque
twisting force; force producing rotation

Adventure Challenge Activities
serve as ice breakers, team building, relax education. ex. learning to rock climb, solving problems, rope courses

Time Distance Activities
ex. running, biking activities

Invasion Games
violent forms of games, where players seek to avoid one another in order score while invading the territory if the other team

Net Wall Games
These games involve a net or a court. A player or team sends an object into an opponets’s court so that it can not be played at or returned within the court boundaries. Volleyball, tennis, badmitton, racketball, ping pong, handball

Field Run Scoring Games
A contest develops between the fielding team and the batting team with the aim being to score more runs than the other team using the number of innings and time allowed

Target Games
crocket, pool, golf, bowling. Propelling object with accuracy towards target

Dance Rhythmic Activities
drumming, clapping, dance; intended to introduce rhythms and dance movements to students of all abilities

Blooms Taxonomy
divides leaning objectives into levels according to type and complexity
Knowledge- recall of facts and concepts
Comprehension- understanding of meaning of concept
Application- use of concept
Analysis- person can examine or explain concept
Synthesis- peron integrates concept with other learning
Evaluation- person judges or compares concept

Biomechanics
study of the laws of physics, specifically the laws of mechanics, as they apply to living bodies at rest and in motion, sub-discipline of kinesiology

Kinesiology
study of human movement