Pathology

Pathology
The study of the changes of structure and function of the tissues of the body as a result of disease is

General Pathology
That branch of pathology dealing with the body as a whole, without regard to any particular organ or system is

Special Pathology
The division of pathology deals with individual body organs or systems is

Clinical Pathology
What division of pathology dealing with the various labortary tests on body fluids and tissues that are used in making a diagnosis is

Surgical
The division of pathology that deals with tissues that have been removed from a patient during surgery is called______ pathology

Henatemesis
The expulsion of blood of a gastric origin from the mouth is

Predisposing Conditions
Conditions that make a body more susceptible to disease or inclined to develop a particular disease.

Occupational
Coal dust deposited in the lungs of miners would be an example of a (an)____________ disease.

Suppuration
The formation of pus is a process called.

Adhesions
A term that represents a common complication of healing is.

Furuncle
The Pathological term for a boil is

Regeneration
The replacement of destroyed tussue with the exact same kind of tissue is process called.

Hyperplasia
A controlled enlargement of a body organ or part due to an increase in the number of its component cells describes.

Phlegmon
Acute diffuse inflammation of subcutaneous connective tissue describes.

PATHOGENESIS
– manner in which particular disease develops “beginning of disease”
3. Changes and final effects brought about in the bod

GENERAL PATHOLOGY
– study of general disease processes, such as inflammation, degeneration, necrosis, repair, etc

SPECIAL PATHOLOGY
– study of disease in relation to particular organs or organ systems

•PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY (MORBID ANATOMY)
– study of structure of human body as it is effected by disease

o GROSS –
study with unaided eye

HISTOPATHOLOGY
– study of structure of human body by means of a microscope

•SURGICAL PATHOLOGY
– study of disease by means of biopsies (sample of tissue removed from a living person

CLINICAL PATHOLOGY
– study of disease by secretion, excretions or body fluid (blood tests, urinalysis, spinal tap

•MEDICAO (LEGAL PAHTOLOGY or FORENSIC PATHOLOGY) –
study of death and injuries of medical/legal significance. Most important to our profession

•PHYSIOLOGICAL PATHOLOGY .
study of function of the body as affected by disease.

IMPORTANCE OF THE AUTOPYSY:
Confirm medical diagnosis
2. Amplify or reject the clinical diagnosis
3. Advancement of medical knowledge
4. Medico legal case
5. Medical statistics

CLINICAL AUTOPSY
Absolute ID of the body
• Description of the body and scene
• Description of the clothing
• Unrestricted autopsy, a complete autopsy (prevention of future legal actions

FORENSIC AUTOPSY
Biochemical (toxicological)
• Microbiological scans (presence of MO in or on the body)
• Radiological scans (x-ray

CAUSE OF DEATH
– a minimum of one cause of death must be listed on a death certificate

IMMEDIATE CAUSE –
thing responsible for death at the time of the terminal event (peritonitis

BASIC CAUSE
– the thing prior to and leading up to the terminal event (stab wound

CONTRIBUTORY CAUSE
the thing involved in but not causing the terminal event (leukemia-persons with leukemia have less blood clotting abilitY

GOK –
god only knows

FTT
failure to thrive (infant not sucking on breast)

DIS
dead in the saddle

MANOR OF DEATH –
– the circumstances surrounding a particular death
• Natural causes
• Homicide
• Suicide
• Accident
• Unexplained (SIDS)
• Undetermined (decomposed body

MECHANISM OF DEATH –
– an explanation of the sequence of events leading up to the death

EVIDENCE – EVIDENCE –
– Recovery and preserve the evidence

EVIDENCE –
– Recovery and preserve the evidence

THE NATURE OF DISEASE:
Any abnormal condition which impairs the normal functioning of the body
Relation of cellular changes to disease – The doctrine of cellular pathology by Virchow (father of pathology)

FUNCTIONAL
a disease of impaired function with no apparent changes of structure (mental illness or color blindness

-VS- ORGANIC
any disease in which structural changes do occur

LESION
Any structural or functional change due to disease

DIAGNOSIS
The identification of a disease

PROGNOSIS
A forecast of the outcome of a disease

SYMPTOMS
Subjective manifestation of a disease. They accompany the disease but are not measurable Pain, headache

SIGNS
Can be measured Vital signs-pulse, BP, breathing

SYNDROMS
Disease with both signs and symptoms Downs syndrom

EXACERBATION
Sudden increase in the severity of a disease Turn for the worse

REMISSION (abatement)
Temporary absence of a particular disease

CONGENITAL DISEASE
Any disease present a birth Cleft palate, polydactylism (extra digit(s) on hand/foot

1.Fulminating
Diseases are a special type of acute disease characterized by a rapid and severe onset and are usually fatal.

3.Exacerbate-
means that the severity of a disease has increased. If a person had cancer and the cancer was not present for a period of time, be said that the cancer was in remission

Febrile disease
Any disease accompanied by excessive night fever that last a long time.. Rickettsia, Tocky Mountain Spotted Fever-107 15-20 days.

Idiopathic Disease
Disease- of unknown cause (example sudden infant death syndrome.

Morbidity Rate-Relative
incidence of a disease in the population is number if cases in a given time in a given population

Age
is not a predisposing disease.

Sporadic disease
diseases occur occasionally in a random or isolated manner. A new variety of a rare neurological disorder known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Organic
Diseases are accompanied by specific anatomical changes, such as the red spots .
associated with measles or yellow discoloration of the skin that often accompanying hepatiti

Deficiency
is like of dietary or metabolic substances that can lead to disease. Still other disease that result of genetics

Trauma
Any type of wound or injury

Heredity-Mongolism
Mongolism (Down’s Syndrome

Physical agents-
Extremes of temperature-cold or heat. Radiation is a physical agent.

Infectious agents
Parasites, Microorganism’s

Chemical reaction
Chemical reactions-has a cause and effect, Chemicals which induce a change in the human body

Occupation
Embalmers- Serum hepatitis other factors such as fatigue, general living conditions, alcoholism, heredity, emotion, etc.

EXACERBATE
Increase severity of a disease.

Organic Diseases
diseases accompanied by specific anatomic changes.

Syndrome
A set of complications associated with a disease.

Pathogenesis
The manner in which disease develops.

Cause (Etiology)
The cause of disease, divided into 2 categories immediate /predisposing.

Etiology
The study of the causes of disease. The causes of disease are divided into predisposing conditions and exciting or immediate causes.

Complications
Disease state concurrent or occurring at the same time as another disease.