Organic Enol/Amine/Carbohydrate

[image]
Allose
[image]
Altrose
[image]
Glucose
[image]
Mannose
[image]
Gulose
[image]
Idose
[image]
Galactose
[image]
Talose
Carbohydrates w/ 4 chiral centers mnemonic
All altruists gladly make gum in gallon tanks
Carbohydrates w/ 3 chiral centers mnemonic
Ribs are xtra lean
Alpha halogenation
(what -> what, reagents)
carbonyl -> halocarbonyl
acetic acid, H2O
Aldol condensation
(what -> what, reagents)
2 carbonyls -> aldol
1. -OH
2. H+
Aldol dehydration
(what -> what, reagents)
aldol -> alkene carbonyl
H2SO4, H2O
Aldol reduction
(what -> what, reagents)
aldol -> diol
H2, Ni
Claisen condensation
(what -> what, reagents)
Ester -> ester with carbonyl on it
1. -OR
2. H+
Azide alkylation
(what -> what, reagents)
Azide -> primary amide
1. RX
2. LAH
3. H+
Secondary aliphatic amine substitution
(what -> what, reagents)
Secondary amine -> R2NN=O
NaNO2, HCl
Tertiary aromatic amine substitution
(what -> what, reagents)
Tertiary aromatic amine -> ortho and para nitro tertiary aromatic amine
NaNO2, HCl
Primary aromatic amine substitution
(what -> what, reagents)
Primary aromatic amine -> Diazonium salt
NaNO2, HCl
Hoffman elimination
(what -> what, reagents)
Primary amine -> Alkene
(least substituted double bond selectivity)
1. Excess CH3I
2. Ag2O, H2O
3. heat
Michael Reaction
(what + what, reagents)
Dicarbonyl + alpha, beta unsaturated carbonyl
1. NaOEt
2. alpha, beta unsaturated carbonyl
3. EtOH
Acetal formation of carbohydrates
(what -> what, reagents)
carbohydrate -> glycoside
CH3OH, H+
Reduction of carbohydrates
(what -> what, reagents)
carbohydrate -> alditol
1. NaBH4
2. HCl, H2O
Tagged In :

Get help with your homework


image
Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample For Only $13.90/page

Sarah from studyhippoHi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out