organic compounds their functions

Question Answer
Carbohydrates contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen; includes sugars and starches
Carbs–Monosaccharides simple sugars( 1 )
Carbs–Disacchiarides two simple sugars joined by dehydration synthesis(1 linked with 1)
Carbs–Polysaccharides long branching chains of linked simple sugars (1linked with 1 linked with 1 and so on)
Lipids contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen(carbon and hydrogen outnumber oxygen); insoluble in water
Lipids found in body neutral fats(triglycerides)–found in fat deposits; source of stored energy;made of 3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol molecule(cholesterol, vitamin D)Phospholipids–contains 2 fatty acids rather than 3; form cell membranes;
Proteins account for over half of body's organic matter( body tissues, cell function, act as enzymes, hormones, antibodies);contains carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, sometimes sulfur; built from amino acids
Nucleic acids built from nucleotides
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid–genetic material found in cells nucleus; provides instructions for proteins in body; double stranded helix
RNA ribonucleic acid–carries out DNAs instructions for protein synthesis; created from DNA template; single strand helix; contains sugar ribose; includes messenger(mRNA), transfer(tRNA), ribosomal(rRNA)
ATP adenosine triphosphate–chemical energy used by all cells; energy is released by breaking high energy phosphate bond;ATP is replenished by oxidation of food fuels

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