Organic Chemistry- Functional Groups

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Name: Acid Chloride 

Ending: -oyl chloride 

Example: Ethanoyl Chloride 

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Name: Alcohol 

Ending: -ol

Example: Methanol

 

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Name: Aldehyde 

Ending: -al

Example: ethanal

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Name: Alkene (double bond)

Ending: -ene

Example: Ethene 

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Name: Alkyne (triple bond) 

Ending: -yne

Example: Ethyne

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Name: Amide

Ending: -amide

Example: Ethamide

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Name: Amine

Ending: -amine

Example: Methylamine

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Name: Arene (Aromatic Ring)

Ending: None

Example: Benzene

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Name: Carboxylic Acid Anhydride

Ending: -oic anhydride

Example: Ethanoic anhydride

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Name: Carboxylic Acid

Ending: -oic acid

Example: Ethanoic Acid 

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Name: Diphosphate 

Ending: diphosphate

Example: Diphosphate

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Name: Disulfide

Ending: disulfide

Example: Dimethyl disulfide

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Name: Ester

Ending: -oate

Example: Ester

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Name: Ether

Ending: ether

Example: Dimethyl Ether

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Name: Halide

Ending: none

Example: Chloromethane

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Name: Imine (Schiff Base)

Ending: imine

Example: Acetonimine

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Name: Ketone

Ending: -one

Example: Propone

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Name: Monophosphate

Ending: phosphate

Example: Monophosphate

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Name: Nitrile

Ending: -nitrile

Example: Ethanenitrile

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Name: Sulfide

Ending: sulfide

Example: Dimethyl Sulfide

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Name: Sulfoxide

Ending: sulfoxide

Example: Sulfoxide

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Name: Thioester

Ending: -thioate

Example: Methyl Ethanethioate

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Name: Thiol

Ending: -thiol

Example: Methanethiol

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