Organic chemistry

Alkanes
(saturated) single bond C-H
Alkenes
(unsaturated) double bond C=H
Alkynes
(unsaturated) triple bond ie C?H
Aromatic Hydrocarbons (unsaturated)
(unsaturated) Circle- ie C-H=C-H=C
Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
Propane
C3H8
Butane
C4H10
Pentane
C5H12
Hexane
C6H14
Heptane
C7H16
Octane
C8H18
Nonane
C9H20
Decane
C10H22
Methyl
CH3
Ethyl
CH2CH3
Propyl
CH2CH2CH3
Butyl
CH2CH2CH2CH3
isopropyl
CH3
I
-CH
I
CH3
Ethene
C2H4
Propene
C3H6
Butene
C4H8
Pentene
C5H10
hexene
C6H12
heptene
C7H14
octene
C8H16
nonene
C9H18
decene
C10H20
ethyne
C2H2
propyne
C3H4
butyne
C4H6
pentyne
C5H8
hexyne
C6H10
heptyne
C7H12
octyne
C8H14
nonyne
C9H16
decyne
C10H18
methanol
CH3OH
ethanol
CH3CH2OH
propanol
CH3CH2CH2OH
butanol
CH3CH2CH2CH2OH
Pentanol
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OH
Alcohols add-?
R+OH
ie CH3CH2CH2OH= propanol
or
C3H7
Ethers add-?
O in the center ie -O-
Aldehydes add-?
ends with O
ll
-C-H
Ketones add-?
in the center-> O
ll
-C-
Carboxylic Acids add-?
oic acid O
ll
-C-OH ie H-C-OH for bottom=methanoic acid
cis
same side
trans
opposite sides
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