Organic Chem

alkanes
single bonds (CnH2n+2) (sp3 always)
alkenes
double bonds(CnH2n)
alkynes
triple bonds(CnH2n-2)
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. 8, 9, 10
meth, eth, prop, but, pent, hex, hept, oct, non, dec
isomer
same molecular formula, different structural formula
alcohol
[-ol] R-OH @ end
Acid
[-oic acid] O=C-OH @ end
aldehyde
[-al] O=C-H @ end
ketone
[-one] O=C in middle of molecule
ether
[..ether..] O in middle
amine
[..amine..] (like ammonia) N bonded to 3 R groups
ester
[-oate] R-O-C-R (with =O bond on top of c)
ester formed from….
alcohol and acid during ESTERFICATION or dehydration synthesis
only saturated hydrocarbons
alkanes
aliphotic/aeromatic
existing in chain/ring
2-butene
C-CdoubleC-C
3-hexyne
C-C-CtripleC-C-C
alkyl halide
substituded C for other elements
Carbon #1
carbon closest to action (and end group on special molecules)
How to write alkyl halide
number-attatchment number- attatchment, etc, number-hydrocarbon
3 ethyl 5 methyl octane
C-C-C-*C-C-*C*-C-C = main chain, *=C
3 floro 1 butyne
CtripleC-FC-C
1,1-dichloro-2-flouro-4-methyl nonane
9 Cs single bonded, 2 Cls on either side of first one, a F on the 2nd one, and a C on the 4th one
2-propanol
C-C(OH on top)-C
propanioc acid
C-C-C(doubleO on top)-OH
ethanal
C-C(double O on top) -H
2 pentanone
C-C-C-C(double O) C
diethyl ether
C-C-O-C-C
dimethyl amine
C-N(H on bottom)-C
methyl propanoate
C-O-C(double O on top)-C-C
C-C-C-O-C
methyl propyl ether
C-C-C(C down)-C-OH
2-methyl butanol
H-C(double O)-OH
methanoic acid
C-C(C on top) tripleC-C-C-C
2 methyl 2 hexyne
radioactivity
spontaneous disitegration of an unstable tomic nucleus with accompanying emmision of radiation
radioisotope
an isotope that undergoes nuclear changes wit emission of radiation
radiotracer
a radioisotope that can be used to trace the path fo an element to monitor decay
radiation
EMR spectrum (only ionizing are damaging to human tissue)
Alpha
spits out 4,2 He, only need clothing to stop it
Beta
spits out electron, only need 1 mm aluminum to stop it
Gamma
most dangerous, emits pure energy (0,0gamma), need 1 cm of lead
Transmutations
spontaneous emission of a particle ador energy from a radioisotope(alpha/beta/gamma)
ARTIFICIAL transmutation
bombaring with particle causing it to turn into a different isotope and an ejected particle
Fission
binded with neutrons that split isotope into 2 smaller isotopes and emmited particle
Fusion
small isotopes into a larger isotope plus neutrons (find smaller isotope and continues to react)
subcritical, critical, supercirtical mass
not enough to maintain, amount of fissionable large enough to maintain, and an excess that makes it ACCELLERATE (Atomic bomb)
3 1 H –> 3 2 H + electron
beta decay
240 96 Cm —> 236 94 Pu + helium
alpha
—> 3 neutrons
fusion
98 42 Mo + 2 1 H –? 1 o N +Te
fission
why cant powerplant explode like bomb
not enough fissionable percent (3% compared to 90%) water is used to absorb energy (deuterum), and controls take up neutrons
Tagged In :

Get help with your homework


image
Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample For Only $13.90/page

Sarah from studyhippoHi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out