|Acids that completely dissociate in water to make hydronium H3O.|
|What are the three main rules for resonance structures?|
Atoms are fixed and cannot move. (only the distribution of the electrons in the molecule changes from one resonance structure to the next.
Only lone-pair electrons and pi electrons (which are only found in 2x and 3x bonds) can move.
You can’t break the octet rule.( the sum of an atoms lone-pairs and bonds cannot be greater than four).
bases that dissocitate completely to form OH– Hydronium ions are called ?
|Which element has not;electrons or neutrons, only a single proton at the nucleus?|
|The most common acid-base definition used in organic chemistry is ?|
|Brownstead-Lowry definition of acids and bases|
|A brownstead-Lowry Acid is a molecule that donates/accepts a proton (H+) to a base?|
|A Brownstead-Lowry base is a molecule that ________ a proton from an Acid?|
|A lewis Acid is a molecule that _____ electrons?|
|A lewis base is a molecule that _____ electrons?|
|Lewis Acids are called _______, which means ;electron Lovers;.|
|Lewis bases are called _______, which means ;nucleus Lovers;?|
|Strong acids have ______conjugate bases?|
|The three most important features that stabalize negative charges are ____,_____and_____?|
|electronegativity, hybridization and size of the atom upon which the negative charge is located.|
|Which is more acidic HF or HI?; Why?|
|HI, because even though Flourine is more electronegative, Iodine is a much larger atom, and as a rule size trumps electronegativity.|
|Aldehydes are often represented as _R-?_____?|
|________ refer to atoms other than carbon and hydrogen?|
|______ are organic compounds that contain one or more halogens?|
|Ketones generally end with the suffix_______?|
|Sugars contain many ______ groups?|
|Generally, names of thiols (SH) end with what suffix?|
|An aldehyde is thought of as a carbonyl at the ______ of a molecule, and a ketone is thought of as a carbonyl in the _________ of a molecule?|
The names of carboxylic acids generally end with the suffix ______?
|-oic acid,; as in ethanoic acid more commonly called acetic acid|
|Esters generally end with the suffix ______?|
|-oate, as in propyl pentanoate (pinapples) note esters are generally sweet smelling compounds.|
Molecules that are nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other are called _____?
Give an example?
|Enantiomers,; your right hand is the enantiomer of your left hand because your hands are mirror images of each other.(put your right hand up to a mirror, and you’ll see what looks like a left hand).|
|Molecules with the same atom connectivity but with different orientations of those atoms in space are __________?|
Malecule that are not superimposable on their mirror images are said to be _______?
Molecules that can be superimposed on their mirro images are said to be ________?
|Chiral, achiral (rhymes with viral with a hard "K"), Note: only chiral molecules have enantiomers.|