OGT Social Studies Study Guide: Forms of Government

Monarchy
-monarchs gain power through heredity
-Diving Rights: believe that the monarchs were put on the throne by god
-Titles: kings/queens, emperors/empresses, czar/czarina

Absolute Monarchy
monarchs have sole control over government and the people have little to no rights

Limited Monarchy
power of the monarchs limited by constitution and/or parliament and some are figureheads (have no real power)

Dictator
-usually comes to power through military force
-has absolute power
-when a dictator is removed from power, there is no clear succession
-people have few or no rights

Oligarchy
like a dictatorship except a small group rules instead of a single person

Democracy
-government by the people
-power is limited by the Constitution and regular elections

Direct Democracy
the people directly vote on all matters

Representative (Indirect) Democracy
the people elect representatives to make decisions for them

Theocracy
-no separation of church and state