OGT Social Studies Study Guide: Forms of Government

Monarchy
-monarchs gain power through heredity
-Diving Rights: believe that the monarchs were put on the throne by god
-Titles: kings/queens, emperors/empresses, czar/czarina
Absolute Monarchy
monarchs have sole control over government and the people have little to no rights
Limited Monarchy
power of the monarchs limited by constitution and/or parliament and some are figureheads (have no real power)
Dictator
-usually comes to power through military force
-has absolute power
-when a dictator is removed from power, there is no clear succession
-people have few or no rights
Oligarchy
like a dictatorship except a small group rules instead of a single person
Democracy
-government by the people
-power is limited by the Constitution and regular elections
Direct Democracy
the people directly vote on all matters
Representative (Indirect) Democracy
the people elect representatives to make decisions for them
Theocracy
-no separation of church and state