OChem

R-X
Peroxide
in presence of =
Gets rid of =
Adds X anti-markovnikov
H-X
in presence of =
Gets rid of =
adds X to more highly substituted C
H20, H2SO4
in presence of =
gets rid of =
adds OH to more highly substituted C
B2H6 (BH3), H2O2, -OH
In presence of =
gets rid of =
adds OH anti-markovnikov
RCO3H (peroxy)
in presence of =
gets rid of =
Adds an epoxide (R-O-R)
H2, metal catalyst (Pt)
in presence of =
gets rid of =
hydrogenation
X2 and solvent (CCl4 or CH2Cl2)
in presence of =
gets rid of =
adds X to either side of =
X2, H2O
in presence of =
gets rid of =
adds X to C with more H
adds OH to C with less H
O3, H2O
in presence of =
splits = in half
there is a = to an O on each spot of the former =
H2SO4, heat
in presence of OH on alkane
eliminates OH
forms =
Strong Base & solvent (-OHCH2CH3 & HOCH2CH3, for ex.)
in presence of X on alkane
eliminates X
forms =
X2, hv
on alkane
adds X to alkane
HX, heat
in presence of OH (alkane)
replaces OH with X
may have a rearrangement
PBr3, pyridine
in presence of OH on alkane
Br replaces OH
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