Nutrition Exam 4

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In the United States, approximately _____ percent of school-age children are overweight or obese.
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30
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To reduce oxidative damage to her eggs, a woman should consume
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brightly colored fruits and vegetables.
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The DETERMINE acronym refers to all of the following EXCEPT
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depression
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Bud has trouble with his dentures and problems chewing. Which of the following foods would be best to help meet his nutritional needs?
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low fat yogurt
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Meals on Wheels is a nutrition program that
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delivers meals to older adults in their homes
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Requirements for ______ increase by 50% during pregnancy.
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folate
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A condition of self-induced severe weight loss, particularly common in adolescent girls, is called
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anorexia nervosa
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The U.S. Public Health Service and the March of Dimes recommend that all women of childbearing age should take a daily multivitamin and mineral supplement that contains
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400 micrograms of folic acid
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All of the following tend to happen as one ages EXCEPT
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high chromium intake impairs glucose tolerance.
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Most of the health problems in bulimia arise from
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vomiting
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A difference between anorexics and bulimics is that
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anorexics turn away from food during a crisis, whereas bulimics turn toward food.
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The practice of eating nonfood substances is called
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pica
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Which of the following minerals may be low in the diets of adolescent girls?
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Iron and Calcium
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Which of the following statements is important for infant feeding?
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The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of a child’s life.
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Of all alcohol sources, ______ often is singled out as the best choice because of the added bonus of the many phytochemicals present.
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red wine
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Obesity during pregnancy is associated with all of the following EXCEPT
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a low-birth-weight infant
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All of the following are true about bulimia EXCEPT
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body weight is below 85% of what would be expected
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One of the best ways to get anorexics into treatment is to
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stage an intervention
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Consumption of non-food items such as laundry starch, ice, and dirt is known as
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pica
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All of the following are indicators of readiness to add solid foods to an infant’s diet EXCEPT
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the infant is able to put food in his mouth.
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What vitamin routinely is given by injection to all infants at birth?
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K
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Some researchers believe that damage to cells by electron-seeking compounds may contribute to the aging process. Which of the following nutrients does NOT protect cells from these compounds?
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vitamin K
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Children will more effectively develop the breakfast-eating habit if
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parents eat breakfast with them.
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Infants receive a dose of vitamin K at birth to
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reduce risk of hemorrhage.
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A(n) ____________ often consists of high-carbohydrate, convenience foods and may be triggered by stress, boredom, loneliness, or depression.
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binge
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For a woman with a prepregnancy BMI of 22, total pregnancy weight gain should fall within the range of ______ pounds.
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25 to 35
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During pregnancy, it is particularly important to make sure to consume adequate
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essential fatty acids
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Mack is constipated. Safe recommendations include all of the following EXCEPT
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use mineral oil routinely and liberally
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Many of the health problems associated with bulimia (e.g., tooth decay, stomach ulcers, and esophageal tears) arise as a result of
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vomiting to purge excess calories
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All of the following are characteristics of food allergies EXCEPT
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once they develop, they are always permanent.
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The first solid foods usually introduced into an infant’s diet are
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iron-fortified cereals.
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Which of the following is the best treatment approach for binge-eating disorder?
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A structured eating plan that the person eats without regard to his or her hunger signals
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For the more than 30% of school-age children who are overweight or obese, experts generally recommend
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early diabetes and cholesterol screening.
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For most pregnancies, women need to consume supplemental
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iron
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Anorexia nervosa is characterized by
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psychological denial of appetite.
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Mineral needs generally are increased during pregnancy. All of the following are needed in higher quantities EXCEPT
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sodium
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Among children under 3 years of age, the most common food allergy is to
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milk
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Adolescents obtain ______ percent of their energy and nutrient intakes from snacks.
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25 to 33
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Adequate folate intake for neural tube development is especially important in the ______ trimester.
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first
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During the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, an average of ______ extra kilocalories per day are needed.
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450-550
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The best way for a calcium-deficient pregnant woman to get the calcium she needs is to consume
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low-fat milk and cheese.
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Advantages of breastfeeding include all of the following EXCEPT
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breast milk provides more vitamin D than infant formula.
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According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the best age to introduce solid foods into the infant’s diet is
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4 to 6 months.
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Rich in immune factors, the milk made by the mother’s breast during the first few days after birth is
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colostrum
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Criteria for diagnosing anorexia nervosa include all the following EXCEPT
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intense fear of becoming too thin.
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Anorexia nervosa sufferers
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tend to be adolescent and early adult girls.
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Mildred is worried about her infant becoming obese in adulthood. Which of the following would NOT be accurate information if you were attempting to counsel her?
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She should limit her infant’s fat intake to 20 percent of his or her total calories to prevent obesity.
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Compared to individuals aged 19 to 50, adults over the age of 70 need _____ vitamin D.
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more
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What is the name of the condition characterized by disordered eating, lack of menstrual periods, and osteoporosis?
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Female athlete triad
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For those over 40 years of age, an exercise program should include all of the following EXCEPT
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exercise through the pain.
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The treatment of childhood obesity involves all the following EXCEPT
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a restrictive weight-loss diet.
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The most important predictor of an eating disorder is
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extreme dieting.
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Which of the following is NOT one of the three components of the female athlete triad?
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clinical depression.
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Prevention of eating disorders might include any of the following EXCEPT
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weighing often.
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If you suspect a friend has an eating disorder, you should
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encourage your friend to seek professional help.
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Which of the following is NOT a component of the Mediterranean diet?
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Abstinence from alcohol
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A mineral that is often deficient in adults’ diets and is linked to bone health, muscle function, mental health, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes is
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magnesium.
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All of the following should be omitted from an infant’s diet EXCEPT
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iron-fortified cereal.
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All of the following are barriers to breastfeeding EXCEPT
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expense
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Which of the following statements is true?
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Most overweight infants become normal weight preschoolers.
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A disorder in which frequent bingeing is followed by compensatory behaviors to rid the body of excess kilocalories is called
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bulimia nervosa.
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Carol has heartburn during her pregnancy. She should do all of the following EXCEPT
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lie down after she eats.
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Patients with ____________ may present with clinical signs of semistarvation, such as decreased metabolic rate.
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anorexia nervosa
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Which of the following is a federal program for reducing infant mortality by providing nutritional support and counseling?
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Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
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The dietary manipulation that is related most significantly to longevity in animal studies is
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calorie restriction.
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Which of the following is NOT an example of the ways medications can negatively affect nutritional status?
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Use of oral contraceptives may increase a woman’s requirements for iron.
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Which of the following is characteristic of bulimics?
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binge eating

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