Nomenclature

H+
Hydrogen ion (proton)

NH  +

    4

Ammonium ion
Li+
Lithium ion
Na+
Sodium ion
K+
Potassium ion

    2

Mg  +

Magnesium ion

   2

Ca  +

Calcium ion

   2

Sr  +

Strontium ion

  2

Ba  +

Barium ion

  3

Al  +

Aluminum (III) ion

  2

Cr  +

Chromium (II) ion

  3

Cr  +

Chromium (III) ion

   2

Mn  +

Manganese (II) ion

  2

Fe  +

Iron (II) ion/ferrous ion

  3

Fe  +

Iron (III) ion/ferric ion
Cu+
Copper (I) ion/cuprous ion

  2

Cu  +

Copper (II) ion/cupric ion
Ag+
Silver (I) ion
Au+
Gold (I) ion

  3

Au  +

Gold (III) ion
H-
Hydride ion
OH-
Hydroxide ion
F-
Fluoride ion
Cl-
Chloride ion
HCl
Hydrochloric Acid
Br-
Bromide ion
HBr
Hydrobromic acid
I-
Iodide ion
HI
Hydroiodic ion

 2

O  –

Oxide ion

   2

O   –

2

Peroxide ion

O  –

2

Superoxide ion

H  O

     2  2

Hydrogen Peroxide

S  –

2

Sulfide ion

 3

N  –

Nitride ion

3

P  –

Phosphide ion

4

C  –

Carbide ion

CH  CO  –

   3   2

Acetate ion

CH CO H

  3   2

Acetic Acid
ClO-
Hypochlorite ion
HClO
Hypochlorous acid

ClO  –

    2

Chlorite ion

ClO  –

    3

Chlorate ion

HClO

           2

Chlorous acid

HClO

          3

Chloric acid

ClO  –

     4

Perchlorate ion

HClO

           4

Perchloric acid

IO  –

   4

Periodate ion

HIO

         4

Periodic acid

      2

SO      –

 3

Sulfite ion

      2

SO    –

  4

Sulfate ion

H SO

    2   4

Sulfuric Acid

HSO  –

      4

Hydrogen Sulfate ion

       2

S O   –

2 3

Thiosulfate ion

       2

S O  –

2 8

Persulfate
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