Nomenclature 2

   2

Zn  +

Zinc (II) ion

   2

Cd  +

Cadmium (II) ion

     2

Hg    +

 2

Mercury (I) ion/Mercurous ion

  2

Hg  +

Mercury (II) ion/Mercuric ion

   2

Sn  +

Tin (II) ion/Stannous ion

   4

Sn  +

Tin (IV) ion/Stannic ion

  2

Pb  +

Lead (II) ion/Plumbous ion

  4

Pb  +

Lead (IV) ion/Plumbic ion

  3

Sb  +

Antimony (III) ion

  5

Sb  +

Antimony (V) ion

       2

CrO    +

  4

Chromate ion

              2

     Cr  O    +

     2   7

Dichromate ion

MnO  –

     4

Permanganate ion

        3

AsO    –

   4

Arsenate ion

NO  –

    2

Nitrite ion

HNO

         2

Nitrous acid

NO  –

    3

Nitrate ion

HNO

         3

Nitric acid

     3

PO    –

 3

Phosphite ion

H  PO

    3     3

Phosphorous acid

    3

PO    –

4

Phosphate ion

H  PO

     3    4

Phosphoric acid

        2

HPO    –

   4

(Mono)hydrogen phosphate ion

H   PO  –

2     4

Dihydrogen phosphate ion

    2

CO    –

3

Carbonate ion

HCO  –

     3

Hydrogen Carbonate ion/ Bicarbonate ion
CN-
Cyanide ion

NCO-

 

Cyanate ion

CNO-

 

Isocyanate ion
SCN-
Thiocyanate ion

HCO  –

      2

Formate ion

HCO  H

    2

Formic acid

           4

Fe(CN)    –

       6

Ferrocyanide ion

            3

Fe(CN)    –

        6

Ferricyanide ion

N  O

2

Dinitrogen oxide (nitrous oxide)
NO
Nitrogen oxide (nitric oxide)

NO

       2

Nitrogen dioxide

N  O

      2   4

Dinitrogen tetraoxide
CO
Carbon Monoxide

CO

      2

Carbon Dioxide

O

    3

Ozone

CH

       4

Methane

C  H

     2   6

Ethane

C  H

     3   8

Propane

C  H

      4   10

Butane

C  H

      5   12

Pentane

C  H

      6   14

Hexane

C  H

      7   16

Heptane

C  H

      8   18

Octane

C  H

      9  20

Nonane

NH

       3

Ammonia

CH  OH

3

Methanol

C  H  OH

2   5

Ethanol

CH  Cl

 3

Chloromethane

C  H  Cl

2   5

Chloroethane
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