National teams Essay

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Abstraction

By definition, the FIFA World Cup is contested for by national squads, squads that represent a certain nation-state. However, due to a assortment of grounds, FIFA has affiliated members from other, non autonomous political entities. The purpose of this essay will be to place the grounds that led to their entree in FIFA competitions.

Introduction

In their web site, FIFA describe themselves as & A ; lsquo ; the United states of football ‘ . In fact, FIFA members outnumber those of the UN ( 1 ) , as non all independent states are affiliated in the UN ( 2 ) . But more significantly, there are besides some non-independent political entities that enjoy FIFA rank. The object of this essay will be to place and hold a close expression at the political world in each of these instances, in an effort to place the grounds that led to their being.

Designation

In order to place what is & A ; lsquo ; a non-independent member state of FIFA ‘ , a comparing was made between the CIA ‘s list of independent states ( found in the on-line edition of the CIA World Factbook ( 3 ) ) , and the list of FIFA members ( 1 ) . All geographical and historical information semen from the CIA [ & A ; hellip ; ] every bit good, while information on the Associations is provided on FIFA ‘s official web site. It emerged that there are in entire no less than 23 non independent states that were allowed to field a national squad for FIFA every bit good as for their continent ‘s alliance competitions. These could be geographically divided harmonizing to the regional alliances they belong to

( 1 ) CONCACAF

The non-independent CONCACAF members are Anguilla, Aruba, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Montserrat, the Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos and the US Virgin Islands, 10 in entire. There is no independent state in the part that does non hold a FIFA-affiliated squad.

Anguilla

Anguilla was & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; colonised by English colonists & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; around 1650. Officially it ‘s an abroad district of the UK ( 4 ) . Its Football Association was founded in 1992 and was affiliated to FIFA in 1996. Anguilla foremost appeared for the 2002 World Cup preliminaries, and presently sits in equal 201st place of the FIFA/Coca-Cola World rankings out of 207 states ( 5 ) . The population of 10 000 agencies there ‘s really few participants to take from [ & A ; hellip ; ] . Football is the most popular athletics on the island [ & A ; hellip ; ] ( 6 ) . Football substructure is non one of the state ‘s featuring precedences, as more attending is given to & A ; lsquo ; tourer athletics ‘ substructure, such as tennis and golf ( 7 ) .

Aruba

Aruba was & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; discovered and claimed by Spain in 1499 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; , but & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; was acquired by the Dutch in 1636 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 8 ) . It maintains close cooperation with the Dutch FA ( KNVB ) . This is a instance where the foundation of a separate football association is non linked to independence aspirations. Indeed, & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became an independent member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands ; nevertheless, a motion towards full independency was halted at Aruba ‘s ain petition in 1990 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 8 ) . Football is figure one athletics among the island ‘s 70 000 dwellers ( 8 ) , and there ‘s besides a premier conference for work forces ( 9 ) . The FA was founded in 1932 but was merely affiliated in 1988 ( 10 ) . Ten old ages subsequently it made its first visual aspect in the World Cup qualifiers but the squad has ne’er come near to any success, presently lying 193rd in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 10 ) .

Bermuda

& A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; Bermuda was foremost settled in 1609 by English settlers. Bermuda turned down a referendum on independency in 1995 but the present authorities has reopened argument on the issue & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; . Officially it remains an abroad district of the UK, with internal self-determination ( 11 ) . The 58 000 strong population bask a per capita income about every bit high as that of the US ( 11 ) . Bermuda has its ain football conferences, every bit good as a adult females ‘s and youth conference ( 12 ) . Football in Bermuda faces competition from cricket and sports. The Bermuda FA was founded in 1928 and affiliated in 1962. It made its first visual aspect in the World Cup qualifiers for the 1970 edition. The state enjoys a instead respectable 116th topographic point in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 13 ) , and has benefited to a certain extent from the FIFA Goal undertaking ( 14 ) .

British Virgin Islands

& A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; The British Virgin Islands were settled by the Dutch in 1648 but were annexed to England 24 old ages subsequently & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; . Today the Islands remain an abroad UK district with internal self-governing ( 15 ) . BVI formed an FA in 1974 and joined FIFA in 1996. They foremost entered measure uping for Japan-Korea 2002 ( 16 ) . The northern Atlantic province today sits in 182nd topographic point of the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 16 ) . The BVIFA organises its ain conferences, every bit good as adult females and young person conferences ( 17 ) .

But, football is non even mentioned as a & A ; lsquo ; popular ‘ athletics in the British Virgin Islands tourism board web site ( 18 ) , with cricket, seafaring, playground ball and sports being given much more promotion. Alternatively, Equus caballus racing is described as & A ; lsquo ; our most popular witness athletics ‘ by the bulk the 23 000 ( 15 ) strong population ( 18 ) .

Cayman Islands

& A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; The Cayman Islands were colonised by the British from Jamaica during the 18th and 19th centuries & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 19 ) . They remained under British dependence after Jamaica – from which they had been administrated since 1863 – became independent in 1962. Issues of independency do non come up in the political docket for the Caymanians. Therefore, the country remains today an abroad district of the UK ( 19 ) . Football is figure one athletics in the Islands, followed by cricket and hoops. There are national conferences for work forces, adult females, and male childs under 17 and under 14. ( 20 ) . The Cayman Islands FA was formed in 1966 but was merely attached to FIFA in 1992 ( 21 ) . The Islands of the 40 000 strong population ( 19 ) took portion for the first clip in World Cup measure uping for France 1998, and today they sit in 168th topographic point in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 21 ) .

Montserrat

The island of Montserrat is yet another abroad district of the UK. In 1995 it was virtually destroyed by volcanic eruption ( 22 ) . Sport, hence, is barely figure one precedence for the 10 000 ( 22 ) staying dwellers. What is more, the natural catastrophe rendered the lone football pitch on the island unplayable ( 23 ) [ & A ; hellip ; ] . The Montserrat FA was affiliated to FIFA in 1996 and played for the first clip in the preliminaries for the 2002 World Cup. Presently, it stands equal last in 201st topographic point in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 24 )

Nederlands Antilles

The island of Curacao had been the Centre of Caribbean slave trade until 1863, when this pattern was officially abolished. Today, the Netherlands Antilles are politically an independent state within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Full liberty in internal personal businesss was given in 1954, though the Dutch authorities are still responsible for the defense mechanism and foreign personal businesss issues ; each one of the five islands has its ain authorities ( 25 ) . The Netherlands Antilles Football Association ( NAVU ) was founded in 1921 ( 26 ) . They were affiliated to FIFA in 1932 and had some success in regional competitions in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s ( 27 ) . However, they have failed to do it to the World Cup Finals, although they have been viing in the preliminaries since 1958 ( originally as Curacao ) . The squad has lost its fight these yearss, though, and presently has to settle for place nr 152 in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 26 ) . Like Aruba, close ties with the Dutch FA are seeable, as there ‘s changeless cooperation between the two sides. Football is undoubtedly figure one athletics in the island ( 28 ) .

NAVU consists of the Curacao and Bonnaire Football Associations, which are each responsible for the several islands ( 27 ) . There is a conference [ & A ; hellip ; ] for work forces, and besides some adult females ‘s nines ( 29 ) . A national adult females ‘s squad is besides under formation ( 29 ) .

Puerto Rico

& A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; Puerto Rico was originally claimed by the Spanish in 1493 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; , and was & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; ceded to the US in 1898. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 30 ) . In 1952 self-governance was introduced. In the three plebiscites that took topographic point in 1967, 1993 and 1998 the people showed their purpose for Puerto Rico to stay under commonwealth position, associated to the US. This remains the dependence position of the island today ( 30 ) . The wake of the immense American influence on the island is that football ‘s popularity is dwarfed by hoops, sports, baseball and volleyball ( 31 ) . This is illustrated in the blue 144th topographic point Puerto Rico presently sits on in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 32 ) , despite being an island of about four million dwellers ( 30 ) . The Puerto Rico Football Association was formed in 1940 and was affiliated to FIFA 20 old ages subsequently ( 32 ) . The squad took portion in the World Cup qualifiers for the first clip in 1972. There is a football conference in Puerto Rico [ & A ; hellip ; ] ( 33 )

Turks and Caicos

Merely like the Cayman Islands, & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; the Turks and Caicos were portion of the UK Jamaica settlement until 1962 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; , when Jamaica became independent. Thus, & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; the islands assumed the position of a separate Crown settlement. From 1965 their personal businesss were overseen by the governor of the Bahamas & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; , but as they, excessively, gained independency in 1973, & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; a separate authorities was appointed to them & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 34 ) .

Turks and Caicos ‘ independency was due to follow in 1982, but because of a alteration in policy & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; they remained a British abroad district & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 34 ) , a political position that still applies to this twenty-four hours. The islands have merely formed a football association every bit tardily as 1996, and were affiliated to FIFA two old ages subsequently ( 35 ) . Although football enjoys great popularity among the 20 000 dwellers ( 36 ) , Turks and Caicos have a authoritative little Caribbean state topographic point in the FIFA/Coca Cola universe rankings ( 181st ) ( 35 ) . Their first modification effort came before the 2002 Korea Japan World Cup.

US Virgin Islands

The United States purchased the district in 1917 from the Danish who have occupied it since the seventeenth century ( 37 ) . Today, it is an & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; organised, unincorporated district of the US, with policy dealingss between the ( US ) Virgin Islands and the US & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; under the legal power of the US Interior Department. As of 1927, US citizenship was given to the dwellers of the island, who today figure about 10 000 ( 37 ) . It being a district of the United States, football in the part is non every bit popular as hoops and baseball ( 38 ) . Their football association was established in 1998 and affiliated the same twelvemonth ( 39 ) . The islands ‘ first World Cup measure uping effort came before the 2002 Japan-Korea edition. Today they stand in 194th place in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 39 ) .

( 2 ) OFC

The Oceania football federation merely has four non- independent provinces affiliated to FIFA, though many of its districts are dependences. On the other manus, it is the continent with the most non-FIFA attached independent states.

American Samoa

The original state of Samoa was divided in 1899 between the United States and Germany. The portion that belonged to Germany finally gained its independency, and became foremost known as Western Samoa and so kick Samoa ; nevertheless, the US & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; officially occupied their part & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; . Officially, American Samoa ‘s political position is an & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; unincorporated and unorganized district of the US which is administered by the office of insular personal businesss of the US Interior Department & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; . Today its population is approaching 58 000 ( 40 ) . & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; Football and rugger are the two most popular athleticss & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; in the state ( 41 ) . The American Samoa Football Association was formed in 1984 and was affiliated to FIFA in 1998 ( 42 ) . Taking portion for the first clip in 2001 for the Korea-Japan World Cup modification, American Samoa today are stone underside ( 201st ) along with seven other states in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 42 ) .

Cook Islands

The islands, as their name suggests were discovered by Captain Cook around 1770, and & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; became a British associated state in 1888 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; . In 1900, administrative control was given to New Zealand, and in 1965 the dwellers opted for self-determination in free association with New Zealand. They are to the full responsible for their internal personal businesss but New Zealand retains duty for their external personal businesss and defense mechanism in audience with them. However, they have the right at any clip to travel to full independency by one-sided action ( 43 ) . The Football Association of the Cook Islands was founded in 1971, but was merely attached to FIFA in 1994 ( 44 ) . The island-dwellers contested their first World Cup qualifier lucifer for the 1998 edition.

As they are the universe ‘s third-smallest association, with a population of 14 000 ( 43 ) , it is no surprise that they are presently lying equal last ( 201st ) in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 44 ) . Football is merely the third-biggest athletics on the islands, after the two rugger codifications ( brotherhood and conference ) ( 45 ) .

New Caledonia

At first New Caledonia was settled both from the Gallic and the British, but it became wholly Gallic in 1853. It remains officially & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; an abroad district of France since 1956 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; . During the 1980 ‘s and 1990 ‘s the thought for independency was popular, nevertheless, a recent referendum on independency did non base on balls. A new referendum will merely be held in 2013 ( 46 ) . Gallic presence is responsible for football ‘s popularity ( 47 ) , with rugger being the other popular athletics. The national squad lies in a instead fulfilling 130th place in the FIFA/Coca Cola World Rankings, and There is a football conference in the state ( 47 ) . The national association was formed in 1928, but was affiliated to FIFA merely in 2004 ( 48 ) .

Tahiti

During the nineteenth century & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; the Gallic annexed assorted Polynesian island groups & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; . Most Polynesian islands are officially today & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; abroad lands of France & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; , whereas until 2004 they were & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; abroad districts of France & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 49 ) , a position they held from 1946. The islands of 270 000 ( 49 ) dwellers founded a Football Association in 1989, which was affiliated to FIFA a twelvemonth subsequently ( 50 ) . Their first visual aspect in measure uping for a World Cup competition came in 1994. In twenty old ages clip they ‘ve improved plenty to mount in hundred-and-ninetieth topographic point of the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 50 ) .

The instances of Tahiti and New Caledonia are rather alone, as, harmonizing to Duke and Crolley ‘French colonial centralisation has resulted in the [ other ] indigen football associations non consorting straight with FIFA. Alternatively they have operated as regional associations of the Gallic FA, and accordingly were able to come in the Gallic Cup… in 1982 Central Sport de Papeete from Tahiti… travelled 9,763 stat mis to Montreuil to lose 1-2 against Club Sportif de Thonon… ( 51, p. 61 ) .

( 3 ) AFC

There are four non- independent attached members in the AFC:

Gu

& A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; Guam was ceded to the United States by Spain in 1898, captured by the Japanese in 1941 and retaken by the US in 1944 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; . Officially, it is today & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; an organized, unincorporated district of the US with policy dealingss between Guam and the US under the legal power of the Office of Insular Affairs of the US Department of the Interior & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 52 ) . Basketball and American Football are the figure one athleticss in the part ( 53 ) . A Football Association was formed in 1975, and was affiliated to FIFA in 1996 ( 54 ) . The state attempted to measure up merely one time for the 2002 World Cup in Korea-Japan. Guam are presently joint last in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings, ( 201st ) . The island does hold a national conference ( 54 ) .

Hong Kong

Hong Kong had been occupied by the British since 1841, nevertheless as of 1 July 1997 it became & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; a particular administrative part of China & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ; this meant that China would be responsible for defense mechanism and foreign personal businesss issues, but the country would hold a large grade of liberty in other affairs ( 55 ) .

Football has been popular in the part for many old ages ( 56 ) : A Football Association was formed every bit early as 1914, but 40 old ages had to go through before it was affiliated to FIFA ( 57 ) . Hong Kong has competed in every FIFA World Cup measure uping tourney since 1974. It is presently ranked a nice 125th in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings. There is a conference for domestic nines in the part ( 57 ) , although football is non considered by the Sports Institute as an elite athletics which should be supported ( 58 ) . Rather, the & A ; lsquo ; national ‘ policy gives more attending to sports, table-tennis, swimming and others in order to & A ; lsquo ; heighten the chances to win decorations in international competition ‘ – a policy considered by some to be more & A ; lsquo ; Olympics-orientated ‘ , since the 7 million people ( 55 ) political entity besides has its ain separate Olympic Committee ( 59 ) .

Macao

Macau was the first European colony in the Far East, as the Portuguese have been present at that place since the sixteenth century. On 20th December 1999 it followed Hong Kong in going the 2nd & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; Special Administrative Region of China & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; , with the same footings using in issues of defense mechanism and foreign personal businesss ( 60 ) . Football is really poplar among the population of 500 000 harmonizing to the part ‘s touristry ministry ( 61 ) . Like Hong Kong, its Football Association was formed some clip ago, back in 1939 ( 62 ) .

It was affiliated to FIFA in 1978 ( 62 ) , and entered its first World Cup measure uping competition for Spain 1982. Success though has been really scarce for the squad, which sits in 197th place of the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 62 ) .

Palestine

Officially, the Palestinian districts of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip are presently Israeli-occupied with their position being capable to the Israeli-Palestinian understanding ( 63 ) . Permanent position is to be decided by farther dialogue. After the Oslo understandings in 1994, which recognised the Palestinian Authority, Palestine was re-affiliated to FIFA in 1998 ( 64 ) and entered the World Cup qualifiers for Japan-Korea 2002. Today it sits in 180th place in the Rankings. Previously, in 1928 a squad bearing the same name entered making for the 1934 and 1938 World Cups. This is possibly the clearest instance of a state utilizing athletics to assist set up itself politically, as the Palestinian people fight for independency. Football continues to be the most popular athletics in the country ( 65 ) . Today, there is a Palestine conference running [ & A ; hellip ; ] . Palestine was chosen from FIFA as a Goal Project Pilot programme, which included the edifice of the installations that would house the Association ‘s central office ( 65 ) .

UEFA

The European Confederation has merely got one non-independent member province, the Faroe Islands. But more interesting is the fact that due to historical grounds, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland ( which make up the United Kingdom ) are still represented independently in international football competitions.

Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands are portion of the Kingdom of Denmark, with which & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; they have been connected politically since the fourteenth century & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 66 ) . As of 1948, they became a autonomous abroad administrative division.

Curiously plenty, Faroese proposals for full independency have been deferred merely because & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; anticipated offshore hydrocarbon resources have non been realised & amp ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 66 ) . The Faroe Islands Football Association was founded in 1979 and was affiliated to FIFA in 1988 ( 67 ) . The state entered measure uping for the 1994 USA World Cup for the first clip. As one of Europe ‘s smallest Associations, it is presently puting in a instead dissatisfactory 185th topographic point in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 67 ) . Football is the most popular athletics among the 50 000 dwellers ( 66 ) , and there is a professional work forces ‘s conference ( 68 ) . Teams take parting in the & A ; lsquo ; Formula Deildin ‘ are eligible to take portion in the UEFA competitions ( 69 ) .

The British Isles squads

England

A instead eccentric instance is that of the UK-based & A ; lsquo ; national ‘ squads. England, the state in which the game of football as we know it today was founded, is the first of all time Football Association, known merely as the FA ( in contrast to & A ; lsquo ; the English FA ‘ ) . It was founded in 1863 ( 70 ) , though as stated by John Sugden and Alan Tomlinson in their book & A ; lsquo ; FIFA and the competition for World Football-who regulations the peoples ‘ game? ‘ :

& A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; An chesty British isolationism, and the British associations ‘ laterality of the International Football Association Board, the rule-making organic structure, meant that the four British Associations had a stormy relationship with the fledging universe organic structure & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 71, p. 18 ) .

This meant that England was n’t one of the establishing FIFA members in 1904. Alternatively

& A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; The English FA joined in 1905… they all withdrew from 1920 -1924, rhenium entered in 1928, so withdrew once more until 1946, since when rank has been uninterrupted if non ever smooth.

Although the English were welcomed… there was initial opposition to the seperate rank of the other three UK associations. FIFA regulations stipulated that merely one association was allowed from each province & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 51, p.12 )

Indeed, England did non take portion in any World Cups until 1950, when it was re-affiliated. Today England is one of the best national squads in the athletics, presently 8th in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 70 ) .

Scotland

The Scots Football Federation was formed in 1873 and was affiliated to FIFA in 1910 ( 72 ) . Today Scotland remains in 32nd topographic point in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 72 ) .

Cymrus

The Wales FA was formed in 1876, and was besides affiliated to FIFA in 1910 ( 73 ) . Like England, they merely started take parting in FIFA competitions when they were affiliated in 1950. Cymrus are presently in 65th place of the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 73 ) , possibly because it is the lone part in Europe where football ‘s popularity is threatened by another athletics ( Rugby Union ) ( 74 ) . In 1992 FIFA pressured Wales to set up a national conference, in order to warrant its place as a separate association ( 75 ) .

Northern Ireland

The Irish Football Association was established in 1880 and was affiliated to FIFA in 1911 ( 76 ) . Northern Ireland have taken portion in three World Cup Finals in the yesteryear, and today they sit in 49th topographic point in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings ( 76 ) .

Decision

It appears that, with the exclusion of Palestine, and possibly Bermuda and the Faroe Islands, no political independency aspirations are lying behind the formation of these & A ; lsquo ; national ‘ squads. The grounds in most instances might be strictly geographical, as most of these associations are island-based. Twelve of them besides have a National Olympic Committee ( 77, 78, 79 ) . But it is their FIFA association that is more challenging. FIFA takes pride that & amp ; lt ; & A ; lt ; between 1975 & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; -one twelvemonth after Joao Havelange ‘s election as president- & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; and 2002 entirely, more than 60 associations were affiliated & amp ; gt ; & A ; gt ; . [ & amp ; hellip ; ] ( 80 ) [ & A ; hellip ; ] . There were 10 non-independent states that acquired FIFA position from 1994 to 1998, and a farther 3 during 1988-90. These 14 provinces, along with late admitted New Caledonia constitute the huge bulk of non-independent FIFA members, which total 19, ( with the exclusion of the four British Associations ) . Furthermore, the political dignity of most of them is reasonably debatable: Many have a truly little population ( Montserrat and Anguilla hardly have 10 000 dwellers each ) , and there ‘s besides the fact that football is non really popular in some of these states, particularly in the American-associated 1s: five out of the last 10 squads in the FIFA/Coca Cola World rankings are non-independent provinces, and there ‘s 13 such in the last 27 ( from 180th topographic point and onwards ) . Apart from the British Isles Associations, Bermuda is the highest ranked in 116th.

The easiness with which these members were affiliated to FIFA might hold to make with the & A ; lsquo ; quest ‘ for ballots within FIFA: the administration operates in a & A ; lt ; & A ; lt ; one member – one ballot & A ; gt ; policy, intending that & amp ; lt ; & A ; lt ; the delegate from Cook Islands has every bit much power [ … ] as the delegate from Germany [ & A ; hellip ; ] & A ; gt ; & A ; gt ; ( 81, p. 14 ) .

Practically though, smaller states do non bask the same position as, say, most of their European and South American opposite numbers. Alternatively, they can be easy influenced by the & A ; lsquo ; large participants ‘ , particularly if they are & amp ; lsquo ; needy ‘ or & A ; lsquo ; hapless ‘ states, in order to bring forth & amp ; lsquo ; block ballots ‘ . Indeed, Chuck Blazer, general secretary of the CONCACAF could vouch FIFA president Joseph Blatter the support of all 35 CONCACAF members if asked to ( 81, p14 ) . We should non bury that, even ‘independent ‘ states of small political dignities are in pattern still dependent on the large, hegemonic provinces, and in many instances do non hold more power so the dependent 1s.

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