MyITLab-week 2 Flashcard

CPU (central processing unit)
processes all commands issued by software instructions
RAM (random access memory)
stores programs and data the computer is currently using
ROM (read only memory)
holds instructions needed to start up when the computer is powered on
LCD (liquid crystal display)
type of technology used on flat-screen monitors
QWERTY
standard keyboard layout
Embedded
________ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as your car or the electronic thermostat in your home.
input device
device used to enter data
peripheral device
external device that exchanges data with the computer through ports
output device
device that sends processed data
motherboard
contains the central electronic components of a computer
system unit
the metal or plastic case that houses the power source and all the storage devices of a desktop computer
ROM
Where are the instructions stored that the computer needs when it starts up?
Cache memory
Where does the computer store instructions and data that are needed frequently by the CPU?
NIC
Which of the following is NOT a main component of the motherboard
RAM
CPU
Cache memory
NIC
CD/DVD drive
Which of the following is a portable storage device?
Motherboard
CPU
Internal hard drive
CD/DVD drive
Hard drive
Which of the following is used for permanent storage?
Hard drive
RAM
ROM
Cache memory
Video
What card translates binary data into an image on a motherboard?
NIC
Sound
Video
Interface
Hard drive
is sealed in a case so no dust gets inside.
Expansion
cards added to the computer to control certain functions, such as sound and video.
Ethernet
A network interface card (NIC) gives you access to which type of port?
Ethernet
Which of the following is NOT a port that would be available on a sound card.
Joystick
Ethernet
Line input
Microphone
Ethernet
A network interface card (NIC) gives you access to which type of port?
Ethernet
FireWire
Modern
USB
RAM
The contents of _____ are erased when the computer is turned off.
heat sink
The CPU might be covered by a_____, which dissipates the heat generated by the chip
motherboard
All expansion cards are connected to the main circuit board or the ______.
hard drive
The largest storage space in your computer is provided by the _____.
motherboard
Expansion card fit into little slots on the ____.
NIC
External ports are needed for networking and accessed via a ______.
CPU
The ____ controls all internal and external devices.
RAM
A video card often has its own video _____ to speed up graphics processing.
cache
stores instructions and data used most often
CPU
the “brains” of the computer
expansion card
used to add sound and video to a computer
NIC
provides access to a network
RAM
stores information as long as the computer is on.

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