Medical Terminology Chapter 7

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anoxia
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The absence of oxygen from the body’s gases, blood, or tissues.
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anthracosis
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The form pneumoconiosis caused by coal dust in the lungs.
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antitussive
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Medication administered to prevent, or relieve, coughing.
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aphonia
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The loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds.
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apnea
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Absence of spontaneous respiration.
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asbestosis
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The form of pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos particles in the lungs.
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asphyxia
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The condition that occurs when the body cannot get the air it needs to function.
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asphyxiation
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Any interruption of breathing that results in the loss of consciousness or death.
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aspiration pneumonia
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Occurs when a foreign substance, such as vomit, is inhaled into the lungs.
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asthma
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A chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing.
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atelectasis
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Condition in which the lung fails to expand because air cannot pass beyond the bronchioles that are blocked by secretions.
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bradypnea
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Abnormally slow rate of respiration; usually less than 10 breaths per minute.
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bronchodilator
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Medication that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs.
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bronchorrhea
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Excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi.
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bronchoscopy
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Visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope.
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bronchospasm
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A contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut.
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Cheyne-Stokes respiration
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Pattern of alternating periods of rapid breathing, slow breathing, and the absence of breathing.
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croup
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Acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough.
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cystic fibrosis
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Genetic disorder in which the lungs are clogged with large amounts of abnormally thick mucus.
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diphtheria
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An acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract.
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dysphonia
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Voice impairment including hoarseness, weakness, or loss of voice.
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dyspnea
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Difficult or labored breathing; also known as shortness of breath
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emphysema
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Progressive loss of lung function due a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and then the progressive destruction of their walls.
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empyema
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An accumulation of pus, or infected fluid, in the pleural cavity.
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endotracheal intubation
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The passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway.
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epistaxis
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Bleeding from the nose that is usually caused by an injury, excessive use of blood thinners, or bleeding disorders.
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hemoptysis
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Spitting of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.
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hemothorax
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Accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity.
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hypercapnia
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The abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood.
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hyperpnea
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Abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements.
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hypopnea
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Shallow or slow respiration.
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hypoxemia
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A condition of having below normal oxygen level in the blood.
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hypoxia
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The condition of having below normal oxygen levels in the body tissues and cells.
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laryngectomy
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Surgical removal of the larynx.
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laryngitis
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Inflammation of the larynx.
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laryngoplegia
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Paralysis of the larynx.
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laryngoscopy
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Visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope.
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mediastinum
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The cavity located between the lungs.
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nebulizer
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Pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a vapor, which is then inhaled by the patient via a face mask or mouth piece.
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otolaryngologist
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A physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, throat and related structures of the head and neck.
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pertussis
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A contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract.
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pharyngitis
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An inflammation of the pharynx.
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pharyngoplasty
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Surgical repair of the pharynx.
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pleurectomy
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Surgical removal of part of the pleura.
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pleurisy
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An inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath
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pleurodynia
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Pain in the pleura.
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pneumoconiosis
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An abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after years of environmental or occupational contact.
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pneumonectomy
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Surgical removal of all or part of a lung.
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pneumothorax
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Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space causing the lung to collapse.
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polysomnography
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A diagnostic test that measures physiological activity during sleep.
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pulmonologist
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Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the lungs and associated tissues.
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pulse oximeter
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An external monitor to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood.
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pyothorax
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An accumulation of pus, or infected fluid, in the pleural cavity.
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sinusitis
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Inflammation of the sinuses.
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tachypnea
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Abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually of more than 20 breaths per minute.
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thoracentesis
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Puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity for diagnostic purposes, to drain pleural effusions, or to reexpand a collapsed lung.
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thoracostomy
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Surgical creation of an opening into the chest.
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tracheostomy
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Creating an opening into the trachea and inserting a tube to facilitate the passage of air or the removal of secretions.
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tracheotomy
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Usually an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage.
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tuberculosis
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An infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosi.
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bronch/o, bronchi/o
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word part: bronchi
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cyan/o
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word part: blue
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laryng/o
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word part: larynx
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ox/i, ox/o, ox/y
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word part: oxygen
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pharyng/o
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word part: pharynx
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phon/o
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word part: sound, voice
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pleur/o
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word part: pleura, side of the body
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-pnea
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word part: breathing
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pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu-
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word part: lung, air
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pulm/o, pulmon/o
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word part: lung
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somn/o
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word part: sleep
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spir/o
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word part: to breathe
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tachy-
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word part: fast, rapid
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thorac/o, -thorax
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word part: chest
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trache/o
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word part: trachea

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