Medical Terminology 104 chapter 7 & 8

Flashcard maker : Tilly Wilkinson
al
pertaining to
bulb/o
bulb
urethr
urethra
is
belonging to
epi
above
didym
testis
ia
condition
genit
primary male
ation
process
matur
ripe, ready
ile
pertaining to
pens
penis
perin/e
perineum
scrot
scrotum
semin
semen
fer
to bear
ar
pertaining to
testicul
testicle
bulbourethral
pertaining to the bulbous and penis and urethra
ductus deferens
Vas deferens
Tubes that receives sperm from the epididymis
epididymis
Coiled tube attached to the testis
genitalia
External and internal organs of reproduction
genital
Relating to reproduction or to the male or female sex organs
gonad
Gonads
Testis or ovary
Maturation
Process to achieve full development
Penis
Penile
Conveys urine and semen to the outside
Pertaining to the penis
Perineum
Area between thighs, extending from the coccyx to the pubis
Perineal
pertaining to the perineum
Raphe
Line separating two symmetrical structures
Scrotum
Sac containing the testes
Scrotal
Pertaining to the scrotum
semen
Penile ejaculate containing sperm and seminal fluid
seminal vesicle
sac of ductus deferens that produces seminal fluid
seminiferous
pertaining to carrying semen
testicle
one of the male reproductive glands
testicular
pertaining to the testicle
testis
a synonym for testicle
torsion
the actor result of twisting
andr/o
masculine
gen
form, create
mei
lessening
osis
condition
mit
threadlike structure
cyte
cell
o/o
egg
esis
abnormal condition
ous
pertaining to
semin/i
semen
zoa
animals
spermat
sperm
ic
pertaining to
id
having a particular quality
genesis
origin, creation
spermat/o
sperm
sterone
steroid
test/o
testis
alis
pertaining to
vagin
sheath, vagina
androgen
hormone that promotes masculine characteristics
flagellum
tail of sperm
flagella
tail of sperm
libido
sexual desire
meiosis
two rapid cell division resulting in half the number of chromosome
mitosis
cell division to create two identical cells each with 46 chromosome
oocyte
female egg cell
oogenesis
development of female egg cell
puberty
process of maturing from child to young adult
seminiferous tubes
coiled tubes in the testes hat produce sperm
sperm
mature male sex cell
spermatozoon
sperm
spermatic
pertaining to sperm
spermatogenesis
the process by which male germ cells differentiate into sperm
testosterone
powerful androgen produced by the testes
tunica vaginalis
covering particularly of a tubular structure
The tunica vaginalis is the sheath of the testis and epididymis
spermatid
a cell late in he development process of sperm
oma
tumor
chori/o
membrane, chorion
carcin
cancer
Choriocarcinoma
highly malignant cancer in a testis or ovary
ism
condition
crypt
hidden
orch
testicle
cryptorchism
failure of one or both testes to descend into the srcotum
is
belonging to
ity
condition
in
not
fertil
able to conceive
epididymitis
inflammation of the epididymis
epididymoorchitis
inflammation of the epididymis and testicle
cele
cave, swelling
hydr/o
water
hydrocele
collection of fluid in the space of the tunica vaginalis
infertility
failure to conceive
ectomy
surgical excision
pexy
surgical fixation
orchiectomy
removal of one testis or both testes
orchitis
inflammation of the testis
orchiopexy
surgical fixation of the testis in the scrotum
seminoma
neoplasm of germ cells of the testis
terat
monster, malformed fetus
spermatocele
Cyst of the epididymis that contains sperm
teratoma
neoplasm of a testis or ovary containing multiple tissues from other sites in the body
varicocele
varicose veins of the spermatic cord
varic/o
varicosity
ampulla
dilated portion of a canal or duct
ate
composed of, pertaining to
ejacul
shoot out
ejaculate
to expel suddenly or the semen expelled in ejaculation
ejaculation
process of expelling semen
mot
to move
ility
condition, state of
motile
capable of spontaneous movement
motility
the ability for spontaneous movement
ive
nature of, pertaining to
re
again
product
lead forth
ion
action, process
reproductive
relating to the process by which organisms produce offspring
reproduction
the process by which organisms produce offspring
ur/o
urinary system
urology
medical specialty of disorders of the urinary system
urologist
medical specialist in disorders of the urinary system
urologic
pertaining to urology
vesicle
small sac containing liquid, for example a blister or, in this case, semen
tic
pertaining to
prosta
prostate
in
chemical
glands
gland
prostate
organ surrounding the beginning of the urethra
prostatic
pertaining to the prostate
prostaglandin
hormone present in many tissues, but first isolated from the prostate gland
anastom
join together
plas
molding formation
anastomosis
a surgically made union between two tubular structure
anorchism
absence of testes
hypo
deficient
noct
night
hyper
excessive
steril
barren
scope
instrument
resect/o
cut off
vas/o
duct
stomy
new opening
hyperplasia
increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ
hypogonadism
deficient gonad production of sperm or eggs or hormones
nocturia
excessive urination at night
The prostate, seminal vesicles, and bulbourethral glands are
accessory glands
surgical procedure that makes a male sterile is
vasectomy
Shining a bright light on a swelling to see the shape of the testes is
transillumination
Scarring that narrows the urethra is called
urethral stricture
The diamond-shaped region between the thighs is called
perineum
Androgens are
hormones
The penis, scrotum, and testes collectively are known as
external genitalia
Measured in a blood test to check for prostate cancer is
PSA
A female egg cell is called
oocyte
The distinct ridge in the scrotum is called the ______.
raphe
Which of the following is a structure that transports the sperm away from the testes?
ductus deferens
An endoscope that is inserted into the urethra to remove excess prostatic tissue is a
resectoscope
The ductus deferens is also known as the
vas deferens
Hypogonadism is a term meaning
testosterone deficiency
Which of the following statements is incorrect about the perineum?
The perineum is the oval-shaped region between the thighs.
The following is a diagnosis for a type of prostate disease:
BPH
The following can produce condylomata acuminata:
STD
The abbreviation BMR relates to
metabolism

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