Med Term 7 Flashcard

The space in the chest between the lungs is called the
mediastinum
The structure that covers the larynx is called the
epiglottis
The mediastinum contains the
heart, aorta, esophagus, and bronchi
The exchange of Oxygen and CO2 in body cells is called
internal respiration
The adenoids are located in the
nasopharynx
The lining of the thoracic cavity is called the
parietal pleura
Diffusion of O2 and CO2 occurs in the
pulmonary capillaries
Nares are divided by the
septum
Expelling of CO2 from the lungs is called
exhalation
Hairlike structures that move particles upward to the pharynx for coughing or swallowing are called
cilia
Tiny air sacs found at the end of the bronchioles are called
alveoli
Pulmonary ventilation is more commonly called
breathing
The parietal pleura glides smoothly over the visceral pleura because the pleural cavity normally contains a small amount of
lubricating fluid
Olfactory neurons are located deep within the
nasal cavity
When the diaphragm contracts, it partially
descends into the abdominal cavity
The CF thorac/o means
chest
The CF atel/o means
incomplete; imperfect
The CF coni/o means
dust
The CF spir/o means
breathe
The CF rhin/o means
nose
The CF pleur/o means
pleura
The CF alveol/o means
alveolus; air sac
The CF pneum/o or pneumon/o means
air; lung
The suffix -ptysis means
spitting
The suffix -phonia means
voice
The suffix -capnia means
carbon dioxide
The prefix tachy- means
rapid
The prefix eu- means
good, normal
Prefix brady- means
slow
The disease that produces focal lesions encased in small pockets called granulomas is
tuberculosis
Absence of the sense of smell is called
anosmia
The presence of pus in the pleural cavity is called
empyema
What is the disease characterized by bronchial dilation that usually leads to secondary infection?
bronchiectasis
Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal and thoracic cavities is called
ascites
Which is a characteristic of influenza?
myalgia
The inability of alveoli to contract because of a loss of alveolar elasticity is a characteristic of
emphysema
The clinical term for head cold is
coryza
Which is a hereditary disorder that commonly affects the lungs?
cystic fibrosis
Which term refers to any inflammatory condition of the lungs?
pneumonia
Which is an abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation?
Rale
The term epistaxis means
a nosebleed
Solidification of the lungs is called
consolidation
Which is an accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, commonly caused by heart failure?
pulmonary edema
Reye syndrome is associated with
aspirin
Excess of CO2 in the blood is called
hypercapnia
A high-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sounds caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airways is called
stridor
The ease with which lungs expand and fill with air is called
compliance
Which is an occupational disorder commonly caused by inhaling dust particles?
pneumoconiosis
Which type of influenza is associated with worldwide epidemics?
Type A
Swelling of the nasal sinuses associated with upper respiratory infections commonly causes
anosmia
Accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity is called
pyothorax
A collapsed or airless lung is called
atelectasis
Which is a lung disease that produces a thick (viscous) mucus that blocks airways?
cystic fibrosis
Hyaline membrane disease in preterm infants is commonly caused by
insufficient surfactant
Which procedure helps evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air?
pulmonary function studies
Irrigation of the paranasal sinuses to remove mucopurulent material is called
antral lavage
Which is a noninvasive test that monitors the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen?
oximetry
The sweat test is used to diagnose
cystic fibrosis
Which is an intradermal test used to determine tuberculin sensitivity?
mantoux test
Visual examination of the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, and thymus is called
mediastinoscopy
Treatment of lung disorders using medications delivered directly to the lungs is called
aerosol therapy
Which procedure is a surgical repair of the nose to correct birth defects or for cosmetic purposes?
rhinoplasty
Visual examination of the voice box is called
laryngoscopy
Which procedure is a surgical puncture of the pleural cavity?
Thoracentesis
Removal of a lobe in the lung is called
lobectomy
Which method of positioning a patient ensures that gravity aids in clearing bronchi and lungs of secretions?
postural drainage
Use of a stethoscope to detect abnormal lung sounds is called
auscultation
A surgical opening in the neck for insertion of a breathing tube is called
tracheostomy
Which laboratory test identifies the disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract?
sputum culture
Which procedure is a surgical correction of a deviated nasal septum?
spetoplasty
Which imaging test combines computed tomography (CT) and angiography to produce images of pulmonary arteries?
computed tomography pulmonary angiography
Which imaging procedure evaluates airflow and blood flow in the lungs to detect a blood clot?
ventilation-profusion (V-Q) scan
Which laboratory test measures dissolved O2 and CO2 in arteries?
arterial blood gas
Which medication suppresses coughing?
antitussive
Which medication treats sneezing, runny nose, itchiness, and rashes?
antihistamine
Which medication expands air passages?
bronchodilator
Which test assesses the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air and evaluates gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane?
PFT
Which organism causes tuberculosis
AFB
Which medication inhibits the growth of bacteria?
antibiotic
Which is a method of delivering medication directly to the lungs?
DPI
Which medication is used to liquify respiratory secretions so that they are more easily coughed up?
expectorant
Which abbreviation stands for imaging of the lungs?
CXR
Which medication acts on the immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions?
corticosteroid
TRUE OR FALSE
The method of transmitting TB is called droplet nuclei
True
The organism that causes TB can spread when an infected person coughs, laughs, or sneezes
True
Infant respiratory distress syndrome is also called hyaline membrane disease
True
Asthma is considered a COPD
True
Inflammation of pleural membranes is called pleurisy
True
Empyema is the accumulation of pus in alveoli
False
An exudate is a noninflammatory fluid that resembles serum but with less protein
False
Cystic fibrosis is characterized by the presence of granulomas called tubercles
false
Primary pulmonary cancer is also called bronchogenic carcinoma
true
Postural drainage involves positioning a patient so gravity aids in the discharge of secretions from the bronchi
True
Oximetry measures the amount of O2 in blood using a device usually placed on a finger or earlobe
True
Pulmonary function studies are imaging procedures associated with the diagnosis of lung malignancies
False
Polysomnography tests whether a patient has a tendency to sleep walk
False
Antral lavage is the irrigation of the paranasal sinuses
True
MDIs deliver a specific amount of medication
True
The abbreviation AFB is associated with cystic fibrosis
False
Emphysema is associated with a “barrel-chest” appearance
True
PCP is a pneumonia associated with HIV
True
In the abbreviation DPT, the P refers to pneumonia
False
T&A is the abbreviation for tonsillitis and adenoiditis
False
MATCHING
Lung
pulmon/o
adenoids
adenoid/o
diaphragm; mind
phren/o
breathe
spir/o
tonsils
tonsill/o
mediastinum
mediastin/o
trachea (windpipe)
trache/o
chest
pector/o
larynx (voice box)
laryng/o
oxygen
ox/i
bronchus (plural, bronchi)
bronchi/o
straight
orth/o
pharynx (throat)
pharyng/o
lobe
lob/o
septum
sept/o
air; lung
pneum/o
bronchiole
bronchiol/o
blue
cyan/o
sinus, cavity
sinus/o
dust
coni/o
coal, coal dust
anthrac/o
nose
rhin/o
pleura
pleur/o
alveolus; air sac
alveol/o
incomplete; imperfect
atel/o
epiglottis
epiglott/o
inflammatory fluid that is high in protein with blood and immune cells
exudate
displacement of the cartilage dividing the nostrils
deviated septum
excessive fluid in the lungs that induces coughing and dyspnea
pulmonary edema
nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage
epistaxis
disease characterized by decrease in alveolar elasticity
emphysema
whooping cough
pertussis
loss of sponginess of lungs as a result of engorgement
consolidation
phospholipid that allows the lungs to expand with ease
surfactant
absence or decrease in the sense of smell
anosmia
test of sleep cycles and stages
polysomnography
relieves or suppresses coughing
antitussive
organism that causes TB
acid fast bacillus
washing or irrigating of the sinuses
antral lavage
abnormal pH of body fluids associated with retention of CO2
acidosis
used primarily in children to confirm cystic fibrosis
sweat test
inflammation of the pleural membrane
pleurisy
abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation
rhonchus
treatment using medications delivered directly to the lungs
aerosol therapy
collapsed or airless lung
atelectasis
condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
asphyxia
measurement of ventilatory ability
spirometry
placement of a plastic tube into the trachea to maintain an open airway
intubation
medication that relieves sneezing, runny nose, itchiness, and rashes
antihistamine
visual examination of the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus and lymph nodes through a small suprasternal incision
mediastinoscopy
decrease of oxygen in the tissues
hypoxia
decrease of oxygen in the blood
hypoxemia
SENTENCE COMPLETION
Use rhin/o to build a word that means surgical repair of the nose
rhinoplasty
use atel/o to build a word that means incomplete expansion (of the lung)
atelectasis
Use pulmon/o to build a word that means specialist in the study of lungs
pulmonologist
Use ox/i to build a word that means instrument for measuring oxygen
oximeter
Use bronchiol/o to build a word that means inflammation of the bronchioles
bronchiolitis
Use trache/o to build a word that means forming an opening in the trachea
tracheostomy
Use steth/o to build a word that means instrument to examine the chest
stethoscope
Use brady- to build a word that means slow breathing
bradypnea
Use eu- to build a word that means good (normal) voice (quality)
euphonia
Use -ptysis to build a word that means spitting blood
hemopytsis
Use -capnia to build a word that means excessive, above-noramsl carbon dioxide
hypercapnia
Use -throrax to build a word that means pus in the chest
pyothorax
Use -pnea to build a word that means rapid breathing
tachypnea
Build a word that means abnormal condition of blue(ness)
cyanosis
Build a word that means excision of a lung
lobectomy
Build a word that means discharge from the nose
rhinorrhea
Build a word that means spasm of the diaphragm
phrenospasm
Build a word that means instrument to measure breathing
spirometer
Build a word that means inflammation of the alveoli
alveolitis
Build a word that means surgical repair of the septum
septoplasty
Build a word that means paralysis of the larynx
laryngoplegia
Build a word that means surgical puncture of the pleura
pleurocentesis
Build a word that means prolapse, downward displacement of the diaphragm
phrenoptosis
Build a word that means excision of the tonsils
tonsillectomy
Build a word that means incision of the sinus
sinusotomy

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