Med Term 7 Flashcard
The space in the chest between the lungs is called the
The structure that covers the larynx is called the
The mediastinum contains the
heart, aorta, esophagus, and bronchi
The exchange of Oxygen and CO2 in body cells is called
The adenoids are located in the
The lining of the thoracic cavity is called the
Diffusion of O2 and CO2 occurs in the
Nares are divided by the
Expelling of CO2 from the lungs is called
Hairlike structures that move particles upward to the pharynx for coughing or swallowing are called
Tiny air sacs found at the end of the bronchioles are called
Pulmonary ventilation is more commonly called
The parietal pleura glides smoothly over the visceral pleura because the pleural cavity normally contains a small amount of
Olfactory neurons are located deep within the
When the diaphragm contracts, it partially
descends into the abdominal cavity
The CF thorac/o means
The CF atel/o means
The CF coni/o means
The CF spir/o means
The CF rhin/o means
The CF pleur/o means
The CF alveol/o means
alveolus; air sac
The CF pneum/o or pneumon/o means
The suffix -ptysis means
The suffix -phonia means
The suffix -capnia means
The prefix tachy- means
The prefix eu- means
Prefix brady- means
The disease that produces focal lesions encased in small pockets called granulomas is
Absence of the sense of smell is called
The presence of pus in the pleural cavity is called
What is the disease characterized by bronchial dilation that usually leads to secondary infection?
Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal and thoracic cavities is called
Which is a characteristic of influenza?
The inability of alveoli to contract because of a loss of alveolar elasticity is a characteristic of
The clinical term for head cold is
Which is a hereditary disorder that commonly affects the lungs?
Which term refers to any inflammatory condition of the lungs?
Which is an abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation?
The term epistaxis means
Solidification of the lungs is called
Which is an accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, commonly caused by heart failure?
Reye syndrome is associated with
Excess of CO2 in the blood is called
A high-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sounds caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airways is called
The ease with which lungs expand and fill with air is called
Which is an occupational disorder commonly caused by inhaling dust particles?
Which type of influenza is associated with worldwide epidemics?
Swelling of the nasal sinuses associated with upper respiratory infections commonly causes
Accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity is called
A collapsed or airless lung is called
Which is a lung disease that produces a thick (viscous) mucus that blocks airways?
Hyaline membrane disease in preterm infants is commonly caused by
Which procedure helps evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air?
pulmonary function studies
Irrigation of the paranasal sinuses to remove mucopurulent material is called
Which is a noninvasive test that monitors the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen?
The sweat test is used to diagnose
Which is an intradermal test used to determine tuberculin sensitivity?
Visual examination of the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, and thymus is called
Treatment of lung disorders using medications delivered directly to the lungs is called
Which procedure is a surgical repair of the nose to correct birth defects or for cosmetic purposes?
Visual examination of the voice box is called
Which procedure is a surgical puncture of the pleural cavity?
Removal of a lobe in the lung is called
Which method of positioning a patient ensures that gravity aids in clearing bronchi and lungs of secretions?
Use of a stethoscope to detect abnormal lung sounds is called
A surgical opening in the neck for insertion of a breathing tube is called
Which laboratory test identifies the disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract?
Which procedure is a surgical correction of a deviated nasal septum?
Which imaging test combines computed tomography (CT) and angiography to produce images of pulmonary arteries?
computed tomography pulmonary angiography
Which imaging procedure evaluates airflow and blood flow in the lungs to detect a blood clot?
ventilation-profusion (V-Q) scan
Which laboratory test measures dissolved O2 and CO2 in arteries?
arterial blood gas
Which medication suppresses coughing?
Which medication treats sneezing, runny nose, itchiness, and rashes?
Which medication expands air passages?
Which test assesses the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air and evaluates gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane?
Which organism causes tuberculosis
Which medication inhibits the growth of bacteria?
Which is a method of delivering medication directly to the lungs?
Which medication is used to liquify respiratory secretions so that they are more easily coughed up?
Which abbreviation stands for imaging of the lungs?
Which medication acts on the immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions?
TRUE OR FALSE
The method of transmitting TB is called droplet nuclei
The organism that causes TB can spread when an infected person coughs, laughs, or sneezes
Infant respiratory distress syndrome is also called hyaline membrane disease
Asthma is considered a COPD
Inflammation of pleural membranes is called pleurisy
Empyema is the accumulation of pus in alveoli
An exudate is a noninflammatory fluid that resembles serum but with less protein
Cystic fibrosis is characterized by the presence of granulomas called tubercles
Primary pulmonary cancer is also called bronchogenic carcinoma
Postural drainage involves positioning a patient so gravity aids in the discharge of secretions from the bronchi
Oximetry measures the amount of O2 in blood using a device usually placed on a finger or earlobe
Pulmonary function studies are imaging procedures associated with the diagnosis of lung malignancies
Polysomnography tests whether a patient has a tendency to sleep walk
Antral lavage is the irrigation of the paranasal sinuses
MDIs deliver a specific amount of medication
The abbreviation AFB is associated with cystic fibrosis
Emphysema is associated with a “barrel-chest” appearance
PCP is a pneumonia associated with HIV
In the abbreviation DPT, the P refers to pneumonia
T&A is the abbreviation for tonsillitis and adenoiditis
larynx (voice box)
bronchus (plural, bronchi)
coal, coal dust
alveolus; air sac
inflammatory fluid that is high in protein with blood and immune cells
displacement of the cartilage dividing the nostrils
excessive fluid in the lungs that induces coughing and dyspnea
nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage
disease characterized by decrease in alveolar elasticity
loss of sponginess of lungs as a result of engorgement
phospholipid that allows the lungs to expand with ease
absence or decrease in the sense of smell
test of sleep cycles and stages
relieves or suppresses coughing
organism that causes TB
acid fast bacillus
washing or irrigating of the sinuses
abnormal pH of body fluids associated with retention of CO2
used primarily in children to confirm cystic fibrosis
inflammation of the pleural membrane
abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation
treatment using medications delivered directly to the lungs
collapsed or airless lung
condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
measurement of ventilatory ability
placement of a plastic tube into the trachea to maintain an open airway
medication that relieves sneezing, runny nose, itchiness, and rashes
visual examination of the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus and lymph nodes through a small suprasternal incision
decrease of oxygen in the tissues
decrease of oxygen in the blood
Use rhin/o to build a word that means surgical repair of the nose
use atel/o to build a word that means incomplete expansion (of the lung)
Use pulmon/o to build a word that means specialist in the study of lungs
Use ox/i to build a word that means instrument for measuring oxygen
Use bronchiol/o to build a word that means inflammation of the bronchioles
Use trache/o to build a word that means forming an opening in the trachea
Use steth/o to build a word that means instrument to examine the chest
Use brady- to build a word that means slow breathing
Use eu- to build a word that means good (normal) voice (quality)
Use -ptysis to build a word that means spitting blood
Use -capnia to build a word that means excessive, above-noramsl carbon dioxide
Use -throrax to build a word that means pus in the chest
Use -pnea to build a word that means rapid breathing
Build a word that means abnormal condition of blue(ness)
Build a word that means excision of a lung
Build a word that means discharge from the nose
Build a word that means spasm of the diaphragm
Build a word that means instrument to measure breathing
Build a word that means inflammation of the alveoli
Build a word that means surgical repair of the septum
Build a word that means paralysis of the larynx
Build a word that means surgical puncture of the pleura
Build a word that means prolapse, downward displacement of the diaphragm
Build a word that means excision of the tonsils
Build a word that means incision of the sinus