Margaret Mead and George Murdock

Margaret Mead
1930’s anthropologist

Margaret Mead
conducted study of cultural variation

Margaret Mead
wanted to know whether temperment was determined from inherited characteristics or cultural characteristics

Margaret Mead
went to several small societies in new guinea to find out

Margaret Mead
arapesh and mundugumor where to societies visited

George Murdock
1940’s anthropologist

George Murdock
wanted to conduct a study to determine what general traits are common to all cultures

George Murdock
Culture universals he found where…body adornmentm cooking, dancing, family, feasting, forms of greeting, funeral ceremonies, gift giving, housiong, language, medicine, music, myths and folklore, religion, sports, and toolmaking

George Murdock
argued that family was the same….although families in different cultures were conducted differently, the existence and purpose of families compose a cultural universal