Margaret Mead and George Murdock

Margaret Mead
1930’s anthropologist
Margaret Mead
conducted study of cultural variation
Margaret Mead
wanted to know whether temperment was determined from inherited characteristics or cultural characteristics
Margaret Mead
went to several small societies in new guinea to find out
Margaret Mead
arapesh and mundugumor where to societies visited
George Murdock
1940’s anthropologist
George Murdock
wanted to conduct a study to determine what general traits are common to all cultures
George Murdock
Culture universals he found where…body adornmentm cooking, dancing, family, feasting, forms of greeting, funeral ceremonies, gift giving, housiong, language, medicine, music, myths and folklore, religion, sports, and toolmaking
George Murdock
argued that family was the same….although families in different cultures were conducted differently, the existence and purpose of families compose a cultural universal