List of Organelles

Nuclear EnvelopeControls what goes in and out of a nucleus, contains nuclear pores
NucleusContains genetic material (DNA)
ChromatinMade up of DNA wrapped around a protein(histones)

NucleolusWhere Ribosomes are assembled
Nuclear PoresWhere material can move in and out of the nucleus
RibosomesWhere proteins are assembled, throughout the cell, made up of RNA
Endoplasmic ReticulumWhere lipids and proteins are processed and assembled
Rough Endoplasmic ReticulumHas ribosomes on the surface, where proteins are processed
Smooth Endoplasmic ReticulumWhere lipids for the cell are processed
Golgi Apparatusmodifies, sorts, and packages proteins for storage or releasE
LysosomesContains enzymes, breaks down lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins into small molecules that can be used by the rest of the cell
VacuolesStores water, salts, proteins, foods, carbohydrates, and waste
Contractile VacuolesExpel excess liquid upon contraction
Water vacuolesHelps with structure
mitochondriaWhere cellular respiration occurs: Where energy in food particles is turned into a form we can use (ATP)
chloroplastPigment that absorbs sunlight (where photosynthesis occurs)
cytoskeletonGives the cell its shape, support, and helps with movement
microfilamentsActin, help with cell movement
microtubulesHelps with cell support and shape
CentriolesHelps to organize cell division
chromosomesHow DNA is further condensed and organized before cell division
sister chromatidsThe identical copies of your chromosome that are made right before cell division
centromeresHolds together two identical sister chromatids
cytoplasmholds all organelles